Frank Burnet

(redirected from Frank Macfarlane Burnet)
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Burnet, Frank


Born Sept. 3, 1899, in Traralgon, Victoria. Australian virologist.

Burnet graduated from the University of Melbourne and became a professor there. He is director of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research. His principal studies are devoted to the ecology of viruses, the interrelations of viruses and their hosts, the reproductive mechanism of viruses, and their changeability. He was the first to study the virus that produces Q fever and that is named for him (Rickettsia burneti). Burnet approached human viral diseases from evolutionary and ecological points of view. He received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine (1960).


Viruses and Man. London, 1953.
Principles of Animal Virology. New York, 1955.
Integrity of the Body. Cambridge (Mass.), 1962.
In Russian translation:
Virus kak organizm. Moscow, 1947.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was barely more than half a century ago that the Nobel Prize-winning virologist Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet mused about the demise of contagions.
After his war-time service, Frank was recruited to work at The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research in Melbourne by Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet. Initially, they worked on ectromelia virus infection in mice (to explain his work, Frank coined the term mousepox).
Etiologic agent of Q fever, named after American bacteriologist Herald Rea Cox and Australian physician Frank MacFarlane Burnet, who both independently isolated the bacterium in the 1930s.