Frank Norris

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Related to Frank Norris: Theodore Dreiser, Stephen Crane

Norris, Frank


Born Mar. 5, 1870, in Chicago; died Oct. 25, 1902, in San Francisco. American author.

The son of a wealthy businessman, Norris studied art at a studio in Paris and attended the University of California and Harvard University. He contributed to newspapers. In his first novels, marked by the influence of E. Zola, Norris demonstrated how young people’s characters are warped by the conditions of American life (Vandover and the Brute, 1895; published, 1914) and condemned the corrupting passion for profit (McTeague, 1893–97; published, 1899). Norris’s masterpiece was the novel The Octopus (1901; Russian translation, 1902)—the first part of the unfinished trilogy The Epic of the Wheat. The second novel of the trilogy was The Pit (1903, Russian translation, 1903); the third novel, The Wolf, was never written. Taking an episode from the history of the armed struggle of American farmers against the railroad monopoly in California (the “octopus”), Norris reflected the essential characteristics of the cruel dictatorship of the monopolies and, simultaneously, the beginning of the anti-imperialist struggle of the American people. The symbolic character of Wheat reflected the philosophical, sociological, and moral convictions of the author and embodied Norris’s concept of the onward march of history. The novel The Pit, which exposes the big wheat speculators of Chicago, is a somewhat weaker work than The Octopus. Its theme is developed with greater realistic depth in the story A Deal in Wheat (1902; Russian translation, 1958). Norris was also the author of a collection of literary criticism published in 1903.


Complete Works, vols. 1–10. Port Washington, N. Y., 1967.


Samarin, R. M. “Problema naturalizma v literature SShA i razvitie amerikanskogo romana na rubezhe XIX-XX vv.” In the collection Problemy istorii literatury SShA. Moscow, 1964.
Hill, J. S. The Merrill Checklist of Frank Norris. Columbus, Ohio, 1970.
Lohf, K. A., and E. P. Sheehy. Frank Norris: A Bibliography. New York, 1968.


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Another figure of singularity was Frank Norris (1870-1902).
My good friend Frank Norris called and told me about all the big bucks he was seeing while riding around in the mornings and evenings on his hunting club property near Chester, Virginia, in Chesterfield County.
More overt, Frank Norris routinely relied upon a simplistic racial ideology and popular stereotypes--hotblooded Latinos, treacherous Chinese, and egregious versions of Shylock as a modern, racially degenerate, predatory figure of avarice, embodying "in a single figure centuries of antisemitic representation" (25).
The Literary Criticism of Frank Norris (Austin: U of Texas P, 1964).
3) Frank Norris, Vandover and the Brute, in Novels and Essays (New York: Library of America, 1986), 213-14.
Seelye included stories by Brett Harte, Mark Twain, Ambrose Bierce, Owen Wister, Frederic Remington, Stephen Crane, Jack London, Frank Norris, Stewart Edward White, O.
Katrina Irving's close reading of novels by Willa Cather, Stephan Crane, Harold Frederic and Frank Norris disclose the portrayal of immigrant women, especially immigrant mothers, as a reflection of larger cultural anxieties.
As early as 1901, novelist Frank Norris wrote in The Octopus that Californians worked their land like the mines that had drawn them to the Golden State.
Lutz focuses his analysis on specific figures in the varied intellectual landscapes of turn-of-the-century America including Theodore Roosevelt, Theodore Dreiser, William James, Hamlin Garland, Edgar Saltus, Frank Norris, William Dean Howells, Mary E.
where <IR> FRANK NORRIS </IR> read it and accepted it with enthusiasm.
Tracking the thematic ties between Morse's narrative and the writings of everyone from Mark Twain to Frank Norris, Hamlin Garland to William Faulkner, Marshall is more often than not (and often explicitly) retracing Henry Nash Smith's footsteps in Virgin Land (1950).