Frankfort, Henri(äNrē`), 1897–1954, American archaeologist, b. the Netherlands. He directed the excavations of the Egypt Exploration Society (1925–29) and the Iraq expeditions (1929–37) of the Oriental Institute of the Univ. of Chicago at Tell Asmar and Khorsabad. From 1932 to 1949 he taught at the Oriental Institute, and in 1949 he was appointed director of the Warburg Institute of the Univ. of London. Frankfort became an American citizen in 1944. His writings include Ancient Egyptian Religion (1948), The Birth of Civilization in the Near East (1951), and The Art and Architecture of the Ancient Orient (1954, rev. ed. 1958).
Born Feb. 24, 1897, in Amsterdam; died July 16, 1954, in London. Dutch archaeologist.
Frankfort lived and worked in the USA and Great Britain. From 1925 to 1929 he directed excavations in Egypt at Abydos, Tell el-Amarna, and Armant, and from 1929 to 1937, in Iraq at Tell Asmar and Hafaja. His research on the comparative study of ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian cultures is very valuable.
WORKSThe Birth of Civilization in the Near East. London, 1951.
The Art and Architecture of the Ancient Orient. London, 1954.