Frankl, Viktor (Emil)(1905– ) psychiatrist, author; born in Vienna, Austria. He studied at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1930) and was imprisoned by the Nazis during World War II. After his release, he taught at Vienna from 1947. He came to the United States during the 1960s, when his concept of logotherapy, an existentialist approach to psychotherapy, became well known. He published several dozen books, including Man's Search for Meaning: An Introduction to Logotherapy (1963) and a revised and enlarged translation of From Death-Camp to Existentialism: A Psychiatrist's Path to a New Therapy, published in German in 1946.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.