Frankland, Sir Edward
Frankland, Sir Edward,1825–99, English chemist. He studied under Bunsen and Liebig and taught at several English institutions. In working on the synthesis and isolation of compounds he evolved the theory of valence. He made studies of water purification; of flame and luminosity with John TyndallTyndall, John
, 1820–93, British physicist, b. Ireland. He became (1853) professor of natural philosophy at the Royal Institution and in 1867 succeeded Michael Faraday, his friend and colleague, as superintendent there.
..... Click the link for more information. ; of gases with J. N. LockyerLockyer, Sir Joseph Norman
, 1836–1920, English astronomer, educated on the Continent. One of the first to make a spectroscopic examination of the sun and stars, he devised (1868), independently of P. J. C.
..... Click the link for more information. , with whom he discovered helium; and of the chemistry of foods. His work on water purification was continued by his son, Percy Faraday Frankland, 1858–1946, also a chemist, who with his wife, Grace Toynbee Frankland, conducted bacteriological studies. He and his wife wrote Micro-organisms in Water (1894) and Pasteur (1898).
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