Frantisek Halas

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Halas, František

 

Born Oct. 3, 1901, in Brno; died Oct. 27, 1949, in Prague. Czech poet. Born into a family of a Communist worker.

Halaš participated in the communist youth movement and later in the antifascist movement of the intelligentsia. His collections Sepia (1927) and The Rooster Frightens Death (1930) reflected a tragic conception of life, with motifs of fatalism and death. A turn to civic problems was noted in his collection of verse Wide Open (1936). Halas’ antifascist collection Torso of Hope (1938) expressed the will of the Czech people to resist. In 1940, Halaš published a cycle of patriotic verses entitled Our Lady Božena Nĕmcová, and he wrote verses for the illegal communist newspaper Rudé Pravo. The victory over fascism was reflected in his collections The Barricade (1945) and In the Ranks (1948). Halaš translated the works of A. Mickiewicz, A. S. Pushkin, and others.

WORKS

Krásnĕ nešteští. Prague, 1968. (Translated into Russian in Antologiia cheshskoi poezii XIX-XX vv., vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.)

REFERENCES

Pešat, Z. “Halas.” In Jak čist poezii. Prague, 1963.
Ocherki istorii cheshskoi literatury XIX-XX vv. Moscow, 1963.

S. A. SHERLAIMOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The country-building epoch of the first two-year plan, announced in 1946, is characteristic of, among others, Vaclav Dobias's song Budujeme (We Are Building), to lyrics by the renowned poet Frantisek Halas, with the symptomatic refrain "let us roll up our sleeves", which won the publishing company Melantrich's competition in 1946 and relatively soon became generally popular.
Based on two texts penned by Frantisek Halas, it fully complied with the enthusiasm accompanying the reconstruction of the liberated country.