Franz Fühmann

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Fühmann, Franz

 

Born Jan. 15, 1922, in Rokytnice, Czechoslovakia. Writer of the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Member of the National Democratic Party of Germany.

Fühmann was taken prisoner while serving in the Wehrmacht in World War II (1939–45). After his repatriation from the USSR in 1949 he became a journalist. His first literary works include the narrative poem The Road to Stalingrad (1953) and the poetry anthology The Carnation of Nikos (1953), which is dedicated to N. Belogiannis. In 1962, Fühmann published the poetry anthology The Direction of Fairy Tales. His novellas Regiment Comrades (1955; Russian translation, 1959) and Hard Times (1963; translated into Russian 1967 as Barlach in Güstrow) and the anthology of short stories The Jewish Automobile (1962; Russian translation, 1966) reveal the essential inhumanity of fascism. They are distinguished by profound psychological insight and subtle depiction of characters and conflicts.

Fühmann has written memoirs and a collection of short literary works entitled Twenty-two Days, or Half a Life (1973; Russian translation, 1976), as well as screenplays, fairy tales and books for children, and works of literary criticism, including the anthology Conclusions and Contradictions (1975). He has published a book on the artistic and literary legacy of E. Barlach and also translates poetry from Hungarian and Slavic languages, including Soviet Russian poetry.

Fühmann has been awarded the National Prize of the GDR (1957, 1974), the Heinrich Mann Prize (1956), and the Lion Feuchtwanger Prize (1972).

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Sud bozhii. Moscow, 1966.
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1973.

REFERENCE

L’vov, S. “Novye grani talanta.” Voprosy literatury, 1976, no. 9.

D. V. IGNATEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Bloomington) analyzes socialist culture from a number of perspectives, but most explicitly through the work of East German literary loner, Franz Fuhmann (1922-84), especially in contrast with his much better known friend and colleague Christa Wolf.
The second part examines how the project of autobiographical writing shaped the work of five authors: Brigitte Reimann, Franz Fuhmann, Stefan Heym, Gunter de Bruyn, and Christa Wolf.
The editorial team looked in STASI files, in short-lived alternative literary publications, and in the private archives of authors such as Franz Fuhmann, who had been part of an alternative literary network in the GDR.
The stance of Franz Fuhmann is particularly revealing for he showed fairness and consistency of judgement which were rare in the GDR of the 1980s.
Robinsons close analysis of the late work of GDR writer Franz Fuhmann, informed by an astonishing theoretical apparatus including the thought of Plato, Aristotle, Niklas Luhmann, Willard Quine, and Charles Sanders Peirce, demonstrates, paradoxically, that GDR texts need to be read on their own terms.
Franz Fuhmann, Christa Wolf, and Heiner Miiller were prominent among those who, each in his or her own way, felt the influence of Anna Seghers in their reworking of ancient myths and their radical questioning of the Promethean optimism which coloured the early years of the GDR.
Dennis Tate offers a masterly appraisal of new editions and of a biography of Franz Fuhmann, while Hamish Reid and Beth Alldred sympathetically analyse Christoph Hein's and Helga Konigsdorf 's most recent works.
Withold Bonner charakterisiert das elusive Heimatgefuhl im Werk des mehrfach entwurzelten Autors Franz Fuhmann als heterotopisches Phanomen und belegt so die Relevanz yon raumtheoretischen Ansatzen des spatial turn fur die Erforschung von Heimatdiskursen (vgl.
Wolfgang Hilbig reports that when he was invited to meet Franz Fuhmann in 1980 he was terrified that the conversation might turn to the subject of Fuhmann's own works, which he had not read: as a young man he had sworn never to read anything of the 'official' literature of the GDR.