Franz Halder

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Halder, Franz


Born June 30, 1884, in Würzburg. Colonel general (1940) of the fascist German Army.

Halder entered the army in 1902, graduated from the Bavarian Military Academy in 1914, and fought in World War I (1914-18). In 1936 he became a member of the General Staff of the ground forces, in October 1937 second general quartermaster, and in February 1938 first general quartermaster. From September 1938 to September 1942 he was chief of the General Staff of the ground forces and took an active part in creating Hitler’s army and in drawing up and implementing the plans of aggression against Poland, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Yugoslavia, Greece, and the USSR. In view of the failure of the fascist German strategy, Halder was removed from his post in the fall of 1942; he was retired in January 1945. In 1945 and 1946 he was an American prisoner of war and took part in writing works of military history. Halder wrote the pamphlet Hitler as Commander in Chief (1949), in which he tried to represent Hitler as solely responsible for Germany’s defeat and to prove the infallibility of the German generals and their strategy. Halder’s Military Diary (vols. 1-3, 1962-64; in Russian translation, Voennyi dnevnik, vols. 1-2, 1968-69) is an important source on the history of World War II (1939-1945).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
James said: "British intelligence had learnt the German chief of staff, General Franz Halder, had discussed the idea of removing Hitler the previous autumn.
In 1952 US Army Europe had several German generals, led by Franz Halder, formerly the German army's chief of staff, compare the two manuals.
"The old army conducted the war," crowed General Karl von Borries of the Historical Commission, who was entrusted with producing the series, "and therefore [the work] must also be written by the members of the old army." Following World War II, argues Wilhelm Deist (Freiburg), General Franz Halder, a former chief of staff, and Field Marshal Georg von Kuchler used ties to Basil Liddell Hart to head off critical assessments of either the Wehrmacht or Third Reich.
According to the author, the replacement of Ludwig Beck as Chief of the General Staff in 1938 by Franz Halder marked the end of any serious challenge to Hitler's strategic judgments.