Franz Marc


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Marc, Franz

 

Born Feb. 8, 1880, in Munich; killed Mar. 4, 1916, at Verdun. German painter.

Marc studied at the Munich Art Academy in 1900-02 under G. Hackl and W. von Diez. In 1903, 1907, and 1912 he visited Paris. He was influenced consecutively by modernism, cubism, and futurism. In cooperation with W. Kandinsky and A. Macke he organized the Blue Rider artists association in 1911; in 1912-14 he was one of the leaders of early expressionism. The main theme of Marc’s painting, to which he attributed a mystical symbolic meaning, was the depiction of animals in their natural setting. His ecstatic images, dynamic in form and with sharply outlined drawing and a tense color scheme (several basic colors), reflected a spontaneous rejection of contemporary reality and a presentiment of social upheavals (The Tower of Blue Horses and The Fate of Animals, 1913, Public Art Collection, Basel). Continuing further in his distortion of nature, Marc displayed an affinity for abstract art (Fighting Forms, 1914, Municipal Gallery, Munich). During the period of fascism Marc’s works were removed from museums.

WORKS

Iz statei 1911-1914 godov. [Preface by B. A. Zernova.] In Mastera iskusstva ob iskusstve, vol. 5, book 2. Moscow, 1969.
DerBlaue Reiter. Published by W. Kandinsky. Munich, 1912; 2nd ed. Munich, 1914.
Briefe, Aufzeichnungen und Aphorismen, vols. 1-2. Berlin, 1920.

REFERENCES

Lankheit, K. Franz Marc. … Cologne, 1960.
Schardt, A. Franz Marc, Berlin, 1936. (New edition, Berlin, 1963.)
References in periodicals archive ?
A Rene Magritte B Piet Mondrian C Franz Marc D Amedee Ozenfant 12.
Stimulated by a pioneering 2013 exhibition of Max Beckmanns "small" still lifes at the Franz Marc Museum, the Hamburg Kunsthalle mounted a large showing of several varieties of the genre in 2014.
There is always this welcome niche, in periods of societal transition, for the ode to pleasure, to abundance, to gazing at comfort, and in this, Alegre is not without forebears: Franz Marc in the days before the Great European conflict; Paul Gaugin at the crux of the Industrial Age: Fernando Amorsolo in the gap between Philippine colonization and independence; Odilon Redon and Gustav Klimt in the twilight before modernity would grip us in its carbon-gasping chokehold.
Led by Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc, the informal Der Blaue Reiter group developed a vocabulary of abstract forms and prismatic colours as a means for conveying spiritual values.
Contract award: 41-163649: packaging and art transports the exhibition "august macke and franz marc - an artists friendship".
Next, students began sketching their chameleons on white paper, as we talked about how they could create emphasis and impact in their pictures by drawing the reptiles large, as Franz Marc had done with his horses.
The collection uncovered included many of the masters of the 20th century, among them Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Marc Chagall, Emil Nolde, Franz Marc, Max Beckmann and Max Liebermann.
The magazine printed an image of a painting of horses by German expressionist Franz Marc which it said came from the collection.
Ante un cuadro de Rafael, un senor del Renacimiento no se comportaba como un burgues de nuestros dias ante una estatua de Archipenko o un cuadro de Franz Marc.
Publicado en su primer y unico numero en 1912 por Piper Verlag, en Munich (Alemania), El Almanaque del Jinete Azul (Der Almanach Der Blaue Reiter) fue concebido por la union singular del talento de Vassily Kandinsky y Franz Marc, quienes esperaban convertirle en una publicacion anual que sirviera de plataforma al nuevo pensamiento y lenguaje del arte que ellos prefiguraban; una guia para todos los artistas del mundo.
In 1910 an exhibition at the Haus der Kunst, Munich received thousands of visitors and had an inspirational impact on numerous artists, including Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc, among others.