Also found in: Wikipedia.
Born Feb. 8, 1880, in Munich; killed Mar. 4, 1916, at Verdun. German painter.
Marc studied at the Munich Art Academy in 1900-02 under G. Hackl and W. von Diez. In 1903, 1907, and 1912 he visited Paris. He was influenced consecutively by modernism, cubism, and futurism. In cooperation with W. Kandinsky and A. Macke he organized the Blue Rider artists association in 1911; in 1912-14 he was one of the leaders of early expressionism. The main theme of Marc’s painting, to which he attributed a mystical symbolic meaning, was the depiction of animals in their natural setting. His ecstatic images, dynamic in form and with sharply outlined drawing and a tense color scheme (several basic colors), reflected a spontaneous rejection of contemporary reality and a presentiment of social upheavals (The Tower of Blue Horses and The Fate of Animals, 1913, Public Art Collection, Basel). Continuing further in his distortion of nature, Marc displayed an affinity for abstract art (Fighting Forms, 1914, Municipal Gallery, Munich). During the period of fascism Marc’s works were removed from museums.
WORKSIz statei 1911-1914 godov. [Preface by B. A. Zernova.] In Mastera iskusstva ob iskusstve, vol. 5, book 2. Moscow, 1969.
DerBlaue Reiter. Published by W. Kandinsky. Munich, 1912; 2nd ed. Munich, 1914.
Briefe, Aufzeichnungen und Aphorismen, vols. 1-2. Berlin, 1920.
REFERENCESLankheit, K. Franz Marc. … Cologne, 1960.
Schardt, A. Franz Marc, Berlin, 1936. (New edition, Berlin, 1963.)