Franz Schreker

(redirected from Franz Schrecker)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schreker, Franz

 

Born Mar. 23, 1878, in Monaco; died Mar. 21, 1934, in Berlin. Austrian composer, conductor, and teacher.

Schreker received his musical education at the Vienna Conservatory, where he studied violin with A. Rosé and theory with R. Fuchs and H. Grädener. In 1908 he organized and led the Vienna Philharmonic Chorus, which under his direction premiered many works by modern composers. He achieved his greatest popularity as a composer of works for the stage, written, as a rule, to his own librettos.

Schreker’s works show certain symbolist features and are distinguished by an erotic sensuousness and by subjectivism; at the same time they are notable for their brilliant color and dramatic tension. This combination of qualities explains the widespread, though short-lived, popularity of Schreker’s music in the 1920’s, when his operas Der ferne Klang (A Distant Bell; 1912), Der Schatzgräber (The Treasure-seeker; 1920), and Irrelohe (Errant Flame; 1924) were widely performed.

Schreker taught composition at the Akademie der Tonkunst in Vienna from 1912 to 1920, when he was appointed director of the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin; in 1932 and 1933 he was a professor at the Prussian Academy of Arts, where he held a master class for composition.

REFERENCE

F. Shreker i ego opera “Dal’nii zvon”: Stat’i. Leningrad, 1925.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Franz Schrecker's "The Wind" was a late romantic opus that recalls the intensely dreamy musical fantasies of the late 19th century.
Last year, there was a double-bill of works by Victor Ullman and Alexander von Zemlinsky, this season Die Vogel (The Birds) by Walter Braunfels, and next season Die Gezeichneten (The Branded) by Franz Schrecker. Attractive as some of the music is in The Birds, 1 can't share Conlon's enthusiasm for it; it seems to me there are reasons for its disappearance that have nothing to do with the Third Reich.
RELATED ARTICLE: Franz Schrecker: Die Gezeichneten (The Branded)