Franz Von Defregger

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Defregger, Franz Von


Born Apr. 30, 1835, in Ederhof zu Stronach, Tyrol; died Jan. 2, 1921, in Munich. Austrian painter. Of Tyrolean peasant origin.

From 1864 to 1870, Defregger studied in Munich under K. Piloty. From 1878 to 1910 he was a professor at the Academy in Munich. He painted scenes from the life of the Tyrolean peasants and their struggle against Napoleon, such as Grace (1875; Museum of Fine Arts, Leipzig), The Last Militia (1874; Austrian Gallery of the 19th and 20th Centuries, Vienna), and The Return of the Tyrolean Militia (1876; National Gallery, Berlin). Defregger strove to accurately depict everyday life and the experiences of heroes.


Hammer, H. Franz von Defregger. Innsbruck, 1940.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Some of the references to the history of art are quite specific: This show featured quotations from the Austrian painter Franz von Defregger's Bauernstube (Peasant Quarters), 1868, and Gustave Caillebotte's Le Dejeuner (Luncheon), 1876; several of the more nightmarish elements might have recalled the work of Alfred Kubin.