Franz Von Defregger

Defregger, Franz Von


Born Apr. 30, 1835, in Ederhof zu Stronach, Tyrol; died Jan. 2, 1921, in Munich. Austrian painter. Of Tyrolean peasant origin.

From 1864 to 1870, Defregger studied in Munich under K. Piloty. From 1878 to 1910 he was a professor at the Academy in Munich. He painted scenes from the life of the Tyrolean peasants and their struggle against Napoleon, such as Grace (1875; Museum of Fine Arts, Leipzig), The Last Militia (1874; Austrian Gallery of the 19th and 20th Centuries, Vienna), and The Return of the Tyrolean Militia (1876; National Gallery, Berlin). Defregger strove to accurately depict everyday life and the experiences of heroes.


Hammer, H. Franz von Defregger. Innsbruck, 1940.
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Some of the references to the history of art are quite specific: This show featured quotations from the Austrian painter Franz von Defregger's Bauernstube (Peasant Quarters), 1868, and Gustave Caillebotte's Le Dejeuner (Luncheon), 1876; several of the more nightmarish elements might have recalled the work of Alfred Kubin.