Franz Von Lenbach

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lenbach, Franz Von


Born Dec. 13, 1836, in Schrobenhausen, Bavaria; died May 6, 1904, in Munich. German painter.

Lenbach studied from 1857 to 1859 with K. Piloty in Munich and Rome and worked mainly in Munich. He copied the paintings of old masters and imitated their careful technique and methods of handling color. He was the favorite portrait painter of the official circles of Bismarck’s Germany; he painted about 80 portraits of Bismarck (the Hermitage in Leningrad and other museums). Lenbach also painted popular portraits of German cultural figures, including R. Wagner, T. Mommsen (both in the National Gallery, Berlin), and W. Busch (the Hermitage).


Behr, H. Der Malerfürst Franz von Lenbach und seine Zeit. Munich, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The Lenbachhaus first opened in Munich in the former residence of painter Franz von Lenbach (1836-1904) in 1929.
Apart from 19th-century painters such as Adolph Menzel, Arnold Bocklin, and Franz von Lenbach, German painters had never made significant inroads in the United States, partly because the American public automatically censored everything that was new and daring.