Franz Von Liszt

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Liszt, Franz Von


Born Mar. 2, 1851, in Vienna; died June 21, 1919, in Seeheim, Austria. Austrian lawyer, specialist in international and criminal law. Professor of criminal law at the universities of Giessen (from 1879), Marburg (from 1882), Halle-Wittenberg (from 1889), and Berlin.

Liszt was one of the founders of the international union of criminalists and of the journal Zeitschrift für die gesamte Stra-frechtswissenschaft. He was a representative of the sociological school of criminal law. Liszt wrote many works on issues of criminal law, including a two-volume course (1891) and the book International Law: A Systematic Account (1898). In Russian translation this book went through six editions, the most famous of which was the edition of 1926, edited by the Soviet scholar V. E. Grabar’.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Featured among these in the years of Imperial Germany are the penal reformer and professor of criminal law Franz von Liszt and the Cologne professor of criminal psychiatry Gustav Aschaffenburg.
Franz von Liszt's influence at the end of the century in shifting the role of prison toward simply punishing and removing unwanted members of society reflected disappointment with the experiments of reformers.
In an article on the medicalization of criminal law reform, Wetzell argues that there was a divide as well as a continuum between the German liberals who favored a therapeutic approach to individual criminals (but also supported measures to alleviate the social conditions that promoted crime) and the Nazis who made the theories of Franz von Liszt and others the justification for isolating and eradicating "deviants" of all kinds.