Franz Von Papen

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Papen, Franz Von


Born Oct. 29, 1879, in Werl, Westphalia; died May 2, 1969, in Obersasbach, Baden. A major war criminal of fascist Germany.

Papen was the son of a big landowner. He was an officer on the General Staff before the start of World War I (1914–18). He was a military attaché in the USA from 1913 to 1915 but was deported for espionage and subversive activity. Between 1921 and 1932 he was a deputy to the Prussian Landtag from the Catholic Center Party and a member of its extreme right wing. From July to November 1932, Papen headed the government whose policies contributed to the strengthening of the position of the Nazis. He was active in the establishment of the fascist dictatorship in January 1933 and joined Hitler’s government as vice-chancellor. As ambassador to Austria from July 1934 to March 1938, Papen played a role in the Anschluss —the forcible seizure of Austria by fascist Germany. As ambassador to Turkey from 1939 to 1944, he tried to draw Turkey into an alliance with fascist Germany. In 1946, Papen was a defendant at the International War Tribunal in Nuremberg, but he was acquitted because of disagreements among the members of the tribunal.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Franz von Papen also bet that he could tame a dictatorial demagogue.
His Excellency The Honorable Ambassador Franz von Papen In deepest dedication On nth November 1940 Given by Joachim von Ribbentrop Foreign Minister of the German Reich.
Military attache Franz von Papen was expelled from the country, with charges relating to arson at munitions factories only dropped after he became German chancellor in 1932.
The foreign office accordingly sent a very terse telegram to their Washington-based military attache Captain Franz von Papen: January 26--For Military Attache ...
As head of the Dominion Secret Police, Inspector MacNutt has been attempting to keep the Canadian border secure against a network of German saboteurs run out of New York by Captains Franz von Papen and Karl Boy-Ed.
Among others, the German minister in Vienna, Franz von Papen, was told that he would be replaced.
He traces the changes in the Japanese aristocracy's interaction with the Mexican diplomats they initially rebuffed and the evolution of Alfonso XII's pursuit of a "modernized hispanismo" in the form of an Ibero-American Commonwealth, as well as the daily activities of Franz von Papen, who planned to sabotage the Panama Canal and organize leftist militants to slow down Allied war production during World War I, and Wilhelm Canaris, the military and naval intelligence officer who worked to ensure that German armaments capabilities continued to develop despite official proscriptions aimed at ensuring disarmament.
The letters also showed something of the nature of interaction with defendants, perceptions of the on-going trials of Nazis, consideration of the other prosecutors, including the Russians, and, surprisingly, regular discussions between Thomas Dodd and two particular Nuremberg defendants, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel (found guilty and executed) and Hitler's Reich Vice Chancellor to 1934, Franz von Papen (sentenced to eight years of hard labor).
The fact that Franz von Papen, not exactly considered a political tower of strength, acted as German ambassador in Ankara during World War II indicates that no one in Berlin considered this a scene of great political importance or the base for daring new initiatives.
During a 1931 public debate with the dissident Nazi Otto Strasser, Munzenberg solemnly and surrealistically announced (in words that made Franz von Papen look like the greatest Realpolitik practitioner of all time): "Hitler we can ignore." He continued to proclaim this message, albeit with a greater show of polemic sophistication, on the last weekend of January 1933.