Franz Von Sickingen


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Sickingen, Franz Von

 

Born Mar. 2, 1481, in Ebernburg; died May 7, 1523, in Landstuhl. A German imperial knight who joined the Reformation.

Sickingen was a leader of the uprising of knights of 1522–23 against the princes and was a friend of U. von Hutten. He led Swabian, Franconian, and Rhenish knights against the archbishop of Trier, but, not gaining the support of the burghers and peasants, Sickingen was forced to retreat. He died from wounds. F. Lasalle’s drama Franz von Sickingen (1859) is devoted to Sickingen.

REFERENCE

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 29, pp. 483–85, 492–95.
References in periodicals archive ?
The relationship between type and character has been a complicated, inescapable problem for literary realism at least since the time of Marx and Engels, who pointed it out in their well-known letters to Ferdinand Lassalle concerning his drama Franz von Sickingen.
Interestingly, Schnaphan is also the title of a sarcastic pamphlet directed at robber barons (published around 1523); its main target was Franz von Sickingen, who (like Eppendorf) supported Ulrich von Hutten in his campaign against the Roman clergy.
General readers of German history may well have heard of Wilhelm von Grumbach, the last of the Franconian noble feuders; many readers will have heard of his predecessors, Franz von Sickingen and Gotz von Berlichingen; but who, except a regional specialist, has ever heard of any Franconian knight born after 1550?
Franz von Sickingen himself owed his stupendous career as condottiere to his father and grandfather, who successfully accumulated landed and other capital through pledges.
Franz von Sickingen may not be a household word in the Anglo-Saxon world, yet in his native Germany he is well known as an influential Reformation leader.