Franz Weidenreich


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Weidenreich, Franz

 

Born June 7, 1873, in Edenkoben, in the Palatinate; died July 11, 1948, in New York. German anthropologist. When fascism came to power he emigrated from Germany and worked in China and the USA. Weidenreich is the author of the so-called theory of polycentrism, according to which the present human races derived from different species or even genera of ancient man that developed independently in different parts of the world. This conception has been thoroughly criticized in the works of Soviet anthropologists.

REFERENCES

Roginskii, Ia. Ia. Teorii monotsentrizma i politsentrizma v problème proiskhozhdeniia sovremennogo cheloveka. Moscow, 1949.
Levin, M. G. “Novaia teoriia antropogeneza F. Weidenreikha.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1946, no. 1.
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Following the cases of different writers--including Ignaz Zollschan, Franz Weidenreich, Willhelm NuBbaum, Franz Boas, and Arthur Ruppin as well as numerous prominent or less prominent others--Lipphardt shows that apart from their shared Jewish descent (which, too, she emphasizes, comprises a spectrum of identities and forms of religious, national, or ethnic identification or affiliation), these writers in fact shared no common scientific denominator, differing in their views on biology, race, or Jews.