Fraser, Peter

Fraser, Peter,

1884–1950, New Zealand political leader, b. Scotland. He emigrated to New Zealand in 1910. Previously active in Labour politics in London, he was elected to Parliament in 1918, becoming Labour party leader there. As minister of education, health, and marine (1935–40), he helped draft the Social Security Act of 1938. As prime minister (1940–49) he mobilized the country for war. He helped create the United Nations (1945), advocating protection for small countries. After economic unrest led to his downfall in 1949, he led the opposition in Parliament.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fraser, Peter


Born Aug. 28, 1884, in Fearn, Ross and Cromarty County, Scotland; died Dec. 12, 1950, in Wellington. State figure in New Zealand.

In his youth, Fraser was a member of the Independent Labour Party. He emigrated to New Zealand in 1910 and several years later helped organize the New Zealand Labour Party. Fraser was first elected to Parliament in 1918. From 1919 to 1935 he was parliamentary secretary of the Labour Party, and from 1933 to 1940 he was deputy leader of the party. In 1935, Fraser joined the first Labour government of New Zealand. He became party leader in 1940 and served as prime minister from 1940 to 1949.

Under pressure from the masses, Fraser’s government put into effect a considerable amount of social legislation, including bills to expand social insurance and health services. In practice, however, the Fraser government rejected the program of “socialization of the economy” that it had originally espoused.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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[Thanks are due to Chris de Coning, Brian Fraser, Peter Hers, Greg Roberts, Case Rijsdijk and Cliff Turk for help with compiling this obituary.
McGhee said: "One of things we've benefited from is having great youngsters like Fraser, Peter and Michael.
CARRY ON COACHING: Derek Wilcox, Barry Forster, Kirk Barclay and Peter Tate; GOOD FOR GATESHEAD: Janice Kaufman, Hilary Forrest and Jeff Sturrock; OFFICIAL LINE-UP: Mick Fraser, Peter Terry, Jenni Mersh and John Gurney
Bach, Verdi, Chopin; production designer, Kave Quinn; art director, Tracey Gallacher; set decorator, Rebecca Gilles; costume designer, Susannah Buxton; sound (Dolby), Tim Fraser, Peter Gleaves; assistant director, Sean Guest; casting, Nina Gold.
Eight have been axed - Mark Ramprakash, Graeme Hick, John Crawley, Dominic Cork, Gus Fraser, Peter Such, Warren Hegg, Robert Croft, and Graham Thorpe, who has chosen to spend the winter at home with his family.
Led by consultant anaesthetist Dr Sanjay Deshpande, the team are Dr Jim Carter, Dr Dougal Bell, Mr Hughie McDonald, Marie Fraser, Peter Waters, Lesley Baynton, Shelly Quantrill, Janine Mullan and Mr Kamil Wynne.
Seven others have been axed - Graeme Hick, John Crawley, Dominic Cork, Gus Fraser, Peter Such, Warren Hegg and Robert Croft.