Fratercula

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Related to Fratercula arctica: Atlantic puffin
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fratercula

 

a genus of birds of the family Alcidae. The body is 30–35 cm long with a weight of 450–500 g. The tall, brightly colored bill is highly compressed. The back is black, and the lower part of the body white; the feet are orange-red. Fratercula walk, fly, swim, and dive well. Their diet consists of small fish and marine invertebrates. The birds nest in groups or colonies along steep seacoasts; a single egg is deposited in a deep burrow dug in soft ground, under rocks, or in cliff crevices. The nestling is covered with a long, soft, dense down; it leaves the nest completely feathered. F. arctica inhabits the North Atlantic eastward to Novaia Zemlia; F. corniculata inhabits the northern Pacific coasts.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Les especes qui nichent dans des terriers (macareux moine Fratercula arctica) ou sur le sol (fulmar boreal Fulmarus glacialis, goeland marin Larus marinus et goeland argente Larus argentatus) n'ont pas eu de progeniture en 2009, et le guillemot marmette (Uria aalge) de cette colonie, soit la plus volumineuse colonie de cette espece en Amerique du Nord, a enregistre une reduction du nombre d'oiseaux en nidification evaluee a 4,9 % (-19712,4 paires de reproduction).
The breeding performance of Puffins Fratercula arctica on Rost, northern Norway, in 1979-1985.
The food, growth and fledging succes of Norwegian Puffin chicks Fratercula arctica in 1980-1983.
Mass mortality of Atlantic puffins Fratercula arctica off central Norway, spring 2002: Causes and consequences.
Breeding Atlantic puffins, Fratercula arctica, and other bird species of Coburg Island, Nunavut.
The food of young Puffins, Fratercula arctica. Journal of Zoology (London) 185:213-236.
Desertion of chicks has also recently been demonstrated in an experimental study of the Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica (Johnsen et al.
Food supply as a determinant of reproduction and population development in Norwegian Puffins Fratercula arctica. Dissertation.
The principal burrowing species breeding on the island are Leach's storm-petrels (Oceanodroma leucorhoa, more than 3 000 000 breeding pairs) and Atlantic puffins (Fratercula arctica, about 30 000 breeding pairs), which outnumber cliff-nesting species such as black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla), common and thick-billed murres (Uria aalge and U.
A comparison of feeding areas used by individual Common Murres (Uria aalge), Razorbills (Alca torda) and an Atlantic Puffin (Fratercula arctica) during the breeding season.