Fraxinus


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Related to Fraxinus: ash tree, Fraxinus Americana
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ash

ash

Tall tree, 100ft. Leaves green on top, lighter underneath, winged maple-like seeds. Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory used for cancer therapy. Bark tea used for liver, gallbladder, rheumatism, dysentery, kidney, lung, heart, nervous tension, cramps. Stimulates mucus surfaces, bile and pancreas. Chew bark for toothache. Can make tea from berries. Used for rheumatism because it stimulates circulation but blocks and calms nerve activity. Promotes sweating. Tea used externally for skin rash, itching etc.

Fraxinus

 

(ash), a genus of plants of the family Oleaceae. The plants are trees or sometimes shrubs. The leaves are usually odd-pinnate and opposite. The buds are primarily black or brown. The flowers are small and arranged in terminal or lateral panicles or racemes. The fruit is a samara.

There are more than 60 species, distributed in Eurasia, North America, and North Africa. The USSR has 11 species, growing in the European section, the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and the Far East. The European ash (F. excelsior), a tree measuring up to 40 m in height and having a broad, spreading crown, grows in Europe and in the mountains of Western Asia, primarily in mixed and broad-leaved forests. Its solid, resilient, attractively grained wood is used in machine building, railroad-car and airplane construction, and carpentry.

F. mandshurica, a tall tree with light gray bark and a latticelike, elongated-oval crown, is an important forest species in the Soviet Far East and in China, Korea, and Japan. The European flowering ash (F. ornus), whose white flowers are in dense panicled inflorescences, is a park plant. A sweet sap known as manna seeps from grooves in the bark and hardens upon contact with the air (seeMANNA). F. chinensis, which grows in East and Southeast Asia, is used to raise the fly Ericerus pela, which produces white Chinese beeswax for use in the candle, textile, and perfume industries. In the USSR, many species of ash are raised for afforestation or as ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.

V. N. GLADKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The results of this experiment show that establishment of Fraxinus uhdei is possible in severely degraded sites where the substrate is no longer suitable for natural plant development.
This article is an effort to summarize the available information on pharmacological activities of different compounds isolated from traditional medicinal plant Fraxinus commonly known as ash tree.
The genus Fraxinus of the plant family Oleaceae, is a group of about 63 flowering plants [1, 2], most of them are being used as diuretic, against constipation, dropsy, arthritis and rheumatic pain [3].
Melanoplus punctulatus, range extension, western Nebraska, Fraxinus pennsylvanica
These forest formations point to a dynamic community related with ash tree (Fraxinus angustifolia) and western oak (Quercus broteroi) forests developed in lowlands on deep alluvial soil; we believe they represent serial pre-forest stages or even permanent communities in highly protected and wet areas such as steep slopes, ravines and shady canyons, among others.
The presence of deciduous Quercus (oak), Castanea (chestnut tree), Corylus (common hazel) and Juglans (walnut tree) is unusual and its development is related to the valley bottoms, as is the case with Alnus (alder), Fraxinus (ash), and Ulmus (elm).
The present study was carried out in Fraxinus floribunda Plantation Block of Faculty of Forestry during the year 2009 and 2010 at Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir (SKUAST-K), Shalimar.
Ibarra, "Extract of Fraxinus excelsior seeds and therapeutic applications therefor," PCT/US2008/082524.
A multi-element analysis was carried out in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, using Fraxinus pennsylvanica tree bark as a bioindicator of air pollution (Castro et al, 2008; Perelman et al., 2006).