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Related to Fraxinus: ash tree, Fraxinus Americana
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Tall tree, 100ft. Leaves green on top, lighter underneath, winged maple-like seeds. Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory used for cancer therapy. Bark tea used for liver, gallbladder, rheumatism, dysentery, kidney, lung, heart, nervous tension, cramps. Stimulates mucus surfaces, bile and pancreas. Chew bark for toothache. Can make tea from berries. Used for rheumatism because it stimulates circulation but blocks and calms nerve activity. Promotes sweating. Tea used externally for skin rash, itching etc.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(ash), a genus of plants of the family Oleaceae. The plants are trees or sometimes shrubs. The leaves are usually odd-pinnate and opposite. The buds are primarily black or brown. The flowers are small and arranged in terminal or lateral panicles or racemes. The fruit is a samara.

There are more than 60 species, distributed in Eurasia, North America, and North Africa. The USSR has 11 species, growing in the European section, the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and the Far East. The European ash (F. excelsior), a tree measuring up to 40 m in height and having a broad, spreading crown, grows in Europe and in the mountains of Western Asia, primarily in mixed and broad-leaved forests. Its solid, resilient, attractively grained wood is used in machine building, railroad-car and airplane construction, and carpentry.

F. mandshurica, a tall tree with light gray bark and a latticelike, elongated-oval crown, is an important forest species in the Soviet Far East and in China, Korea, and Japan. The European flowering ash (F. ornus), whose white flowers are in dense panicled inflorescences, is a park plant. A sweet sap known as manna seeps from grooves in the bark and hardens upon contact with the air (seeMANNA). F. chinensis, which grows in East and Southeast Asia, is used to raise the fly Ericerus pela, which produces white Chinese beeswax for use in the candle, textile, and perfume industries. In the USSR, many species of ash are raised for afforestation or as ornamentals.


Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This article is an effort to summarize the available information on pharmacological activities of different compounds isolated from traditional medicinal plant Fraxinus commonly known as ash tree.
The genus Fraxinus of the plant family Oleaceae, is a group of about 63 flowering plants [1, 2], most of them are being used as diuretic, against constipation, dropsy, arthritis and rheumatic pain [3].
Melanoplus punctulatus, range extension, western Nebraska, Fraxinus pennsylvanica
These forest formations point to a dynamic community related with ash tree (Fraxinus angustifolia) and western oak (Quercus broteroi) forests developed in lowlands on deep alluvial soil; we believe they represent serial pre-forest stages or even permanent communities in highly protected and wet areas such as steep slopes, ravines and shady canyons, among others.
The present study was carried out in Fraxinus floribunda Plantation Block of Faculty of Forestry during the year 2009 and 2010 at Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir (SKUAST-K), Shalimar.
Ibarra, "Extract of Fraxinus excelsior seeds and therapeutic applications therefor," PCT/US2008/082524.