Hoyle, Sir Fred

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Hoyle, Sir Fred

(hoil), 1915–2001, British astrophysicist and mathematician, b. Bingley, Yorkshire. During the years of World War II, Hoyle primarily worked on technical problems related to radar. As a diversion, he discussed astronomy with Hermann Bondi and Thomas Gold, and the three formulated the steady-state cosmologycosmology,
area of science that aims at a comprehensive theory of the structure and evolution of the entire physical universe. Modern Cosmological Theories
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 (1948). Best known for his theories concerning the structure of stars and the origin of the chemical elements in stars, Hoyle was also instrumental in founding the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy and in establishing the Anglo-Australian Observatory in central New South Wales. He was a prolific author, not only of technical papers but also of science fiction and popular science. His first novel, The Black Cloud (1957), has become a classic, and his autobiography, Home Is Where the Wind Blows (1994), discusses the controversy and academic disputes he endured during his teaching years at Cambridge (1945–1972). Hoyle was knighted in 1972.


See S. Mitton, Conflict in the Cosmos: Fred Hoyle's Life in Science (2005).

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Like his friend Fred Hoyle, he was never afraid of speaking his mind and he had no patience with bureaucrats.
For example, prominent Cambridge astrophysicist Sir Fred Hoyle concluded that the mathematical probability of life evolving randomly was "so utterly minuscule" (listing the odds of it happening at 1 to 1 plus 40,000 zeroes) that it was too ridiculous to believe.
The origin of the Big Bang goes back to the 1940s, when Fred Hoyle first used the term in his BBC radio series.
In a series of three thoughtful lectures, British mathematician and astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle (1915-2001) explores the aims and motives of scientists, the possibility of life on other planets and the impossibility of space travel, and what daily life on Earth might look like in 500 years.
Conflict in the Cosmos: Fred Hoyle's Life in Science, by Simon Mitton, Washington, D.
IN 2001, JOHN GRIBBIN PUBLISHED Science: a History, which used an essentially biographical approach to give a vivid and down-to-earth account of the chief figures in the rise of modern science, from Copernicus to George Gamow and Fred Hoyle. The Fellowship: the Story of a Revolution is a sequel, focused more specifically on seventeenth-century Britain as the seat of 'unparalleled scientific discovery'.
Volunteers Hilda Fox, Linda and Van Schneider, Keith Rheinhardt, Fred Hoyle, Dan Fox Sr., and Barbara Russell contributed to a continental breakfast and a barbecued-steak lunch.
But Herman Bondi rode the storm caused by the hypothesis, developed with Thomas Gold and Fred Hoyle. Instead, he directed his attention to black holes, wondering whether their gravitational pull could cause gases to form in the same vicinity.
Fred Hoyle (1964), who believed that we were nearing the point of no return, put it this way: "It has often been said that, if the human species fails to make a go of it here on earth, some other species will take over the running....
The chapters refuting the recent criticisms of William Dembski and Fred Hoyle, and comments on Pigliucci's debate in September 1998 with arch-creationist Dwayne Gish were, for me, by themselves worth the price of the book.
The astronomer and science-fiction writer Prof Sir Fred Hoyle has died aged 86.