Clements, Frederic Edward

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Clements, Frederic Edward,

1874–1945, American plant ecologist and pioneer in the study of succession (see ecologyecology,
study of the relationships of organisms to their physical environment and to one another. The study of an individual organism or a single species is termed autecology; the study of groups of organisms is called synecology.
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), b. Lincoln, Nebr., grad. Univ. of Nebraska, 1894. From 1917 to 1941 he was in charge of ecological research at Carnegie Institution, Washington. Among his works are Research Methods in Ecology (1905), Plant Succession and Indicators (1928, repr. 1973), Flower Families and Ancestors (1928, with Edith Clements), Plant Ecology (1929, with J. E. Weaver), and The Genera of Fungi (1931, repr. 1965, with C. L. Shear).
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References in periodicals archive ?
Its first great American theorist was Frederic Clements. In a comprehensive history of the field of ecology, the distinguished environmental historian Donald Worster says of Clements (who died in 1945) that in the first four decades of the twentieth century, "no individual had a more profound impact on the course of American as well as British ecological thought" (1994, 209).
In this effort, he drew on the work of Frederic Clements and other contemporary ecologists.
Frederic Clements has long been criticized for taking a non scientific view of communities with his well known reference to communities as "superorganisms".
Frederic Clements, the father of American ecology, gave scientific credibility to the claims of both Marsh and Muir.