Frederick Jackson Turner

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Turner, Frederick Jackson

 

Born Nov. 14, 1861, in Portage, Wis.; died Mar. 14, 1932, in Pasadena, Calif. American historian.

Turner was a professor at the University of Wisconsin from 1892 to 1910 and at Harvard University from 1910 to 1924. In the early 1890’s he advanced the idea that the history of the USA is above all the history of “the Great West” and of its colonization. In Turner’s view, the country’s development owed its special character to the availability of free land and the advancing American frontier. As the leader of what came to be known as the “frontier school,” Turner had an immense influence on many historians. In the mid-1930’s, however, some historians challenged Turner’s interpretation, which was in effect an attempt to demonstrate the uniqueness of the USA’s historical development and the absence of objective conditions for the emergence of class conflicts. While Turner was one of the first to develop an economic orientation in US historiography, he ignored the crucial role played by the mode of production—a definitive influence in the colonization of the West.

WORKS

The Frontier in American History. New York, 1962.
The Significance of Sections in American History. New York, 1932.
The United States, 1830–1850: The Nation and Its Sections. New York, 1958.

N. N. BOLKHOVITINOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
FREDERICK TURNER, Professor of Arts and Humanities at the
In Shakespeare's Twenty-First-Century Economics: The Morality of Love and Money, Frederick Turner revisits these sites and offers us a book for if, alas, not just a shade behind our times and a Shakespeare, to use one of Turner's preferred adverbs, "uncannily" ahead of his own.
(See "Cultivating Culture," October 1998.) Now critic and poet Frederick Turner has joined the debate with his original and provocative book Shakespeare's Twenty-First Century Economics, making analytically and seriously the point that Shakespeare in Love made intuitively and comically.
However, in connection with Gioia's poem, and with my choice to discuss Frederick Feirstein's Manhattan Carnival and Frederick Turner's The New World but not Frederick Pollack's The Adventure, Mr.
One of the editors of that volume, Carl Pletsch, is responsible for introducing me to the literature of restoration ecology and, particularly, the work of Frederick Turner. Pletsch's editorial guidance, friendship, and support were essential to this issue.
This is the premise of both Frederick Turner and William R.
While Frederick Turner, at least, holds a more sophisticated view of language (see "|Mighty Poets'" 77-79, 87-91), in general the movement's laments about how poetry has become too intellectual and inaccessible for the common reader encode a nostalgia for an "ordinary language" theory of poetry, in opposition to the difficulties of both modernism and poststructuralism.(4) This is the subtext behind Dana Gioia's assessment that "yesterday's [academic] critic killed poetry .
In Natural Classicism (originally published in 1985 and reissued in 1992), REASON contributing editor and University of Texas at Dallas English professor Frederick Turner (no relation to Mark Turner) links recurrent, cross-cultural rhyme and meter patterns to specific structures in the human brain; more recently, in The Culture of Hope (1995), he writes of a "camp" of artists and critics inspired by the recognition "that evolution - a concept now extended by scientists to cover not just biology but the whole of the physical universe - is productive of novel forms of order." In A Blessed Rage for Order: Deconstruction, Evolution, and Chaos (1991) Turner's U.T.-Dallas colleague Alexander J.
Frederick Turner is Founders Professor at the University of Texas at Dallas.
In describing the work of Frederick Turner, it may help to borrow a line from the introduction to his 1985 book, Natural Classicism: "That whole of which I speak is, like a solid as opposed to a plane or a curve, not easily scanned, expounded, or even described by a single line of argument." He has been called a universal scholar-a rare find in a world of over-specialization-whose work transects and borrows from several rather disparate fields.
Contributing Editor Frederick Turner (fturner@mail.edt.net) is an internationally known poet and Founders professor of arts and humanities at the University of Texas at Dallas.
After all, Frederick Turner has often used prose to write about landscape and the environment.