Frederick VI

(redirected from Frederick VI of Denmark)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Frederick VI

, king of Denmark and Norway
Frederick VI, 1768–1839, king of Denmark (1808–39) and Norway (1808–14), son and successor of Christian VII. After the court party had executed Struensee, expelled Frederick's mother, Caroline Matilda, and imposed their will on the demented Christian (1772), Frederick grew up under the guardianship of the dowager queen. In 1784 by a peaceful coup he established himself as regent. He made Andreas Peter Bernstorff minister, and liberal reforms were instituted. Except for a short war with Sweden (1788), peace reigned in a prosperous Denmark until the close of the century. Denmark clung to its neutrality in the French Revolutionary Wars, but its opposition to the British ruling on neutral shipping resulted in an English attack on the Danish fleet (see Copenhagen, battle of, 1801). Again, in 1807, England attacked neutral Denmark and bombarded Copenhagen. Frederick thereupon allied himself with Napoleon I and was punished at the Congress of Vienna (1814–15) by the loss of Norway to Sweden. As compensation he received the island of Rügen and Swedish Pomerania, which he exchanged with Prussia for the duchy of Lauenburg. Frederick had no male issue; his cousin Christian VIII succeeded him.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
One pre pared for King Frederick VI of Denmark, discovered only very recently by Gertsch himself, actually records some entries in Beethoven's hand, most notably affecting the long-disputed scoring of the opening phrase of the "Et incarnatus est." After the preparation of these copies (though perhaps before the Danish copy), Beethoven ordered the preparation of a Stichvorlage, a score in the hand of several copyists and (like the Arbeitshopie) copiously annotated by Beethoven; it was sent off to the publisher B.
But in the copy prepared for King Frederick VI of Denmark, there is evidence that an instruction scribbled in pencil by Beethoven provoked a copyist to remove the phrase from the tenor soloist and reinstall it in the chorus.
In the early 19th century King Frederick VI of Denmark livened up the game by striking a gold medal for each discoverer, instituting the practice of naming comets after the first person to see them.