Frederick William


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Frederick William,

crown prince of Germany: see WilliamWilliam
or Frederick William,
1882–1951, crown prince of Germany, son of William II. In World War I he commanded (1914) an army on the Western Front and was nominal commander in the German attack (1916) on Verdun. He fled to Holland in Nov.
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.

Frederick William,

known as the

Great Elector,

1620–88, elector of Brandenburg (1640–88), son and successor of George William. At his accession the scattered lands of the Hohenzollern were devastated and depopulated by the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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 and occupied by Swedish troops. Frederick William immediately negotiated an armistice with Sweden and then turned to building his military strength. Beginning with few resources and no dependable troops, he raised an efficient army. At the Peace of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years War, he received E Pomerania and several other territories. Frederick William subsequently joined Sweden in its war against Poland (1655–60) but deserted the Swedes after Russia and Denmark entered the war. In a treaty with Poland (1657) he obtained recognition of his sovereignty over Prussia, previously held as a fief of the Polish crown. Now allied against Sweden, he gained W Pomerania, but was deprived of it by the Peace of Oliva (1660). In succeeding years Frederick William continued in his attempt to consolidate his widely scattered lands, at the same time trying to avoid French or Hapsburg domination. In the Dutch War of 1672–78 he achieved his objective of uniting all of Pomerania, but was forced to give up his conquest as a result of the peace between France and the Holy Roman Empire. Nevertheless, his prestige was enormously enhanced by his brilliant victory at Fehrbellin (1675) over France's Swedish allies. Frederick William laid the foundation of the Prussian state by repressing the estates, strengthening central administration, husbanding the resources of his lands, improving communication, and building the army. His son became king of Prussia as Frederick I.

Bibliography

See biography by F. Schevill (1947).


Frederick William,

1771–1815, duke of Brunswick, German military hero. On the death (1806) of his father, Charles William FerdinandCharles William Ferdinand,
1735–1806, duke of Brunswick (1780–1806), Prussian field marshal. He had great success in the Seven Years War (1756–63) and was commander in chief (1792–94) of the Austro-Prussian armies in the French Revolutionary Wars.
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, his duchy was seized by Napoleon INapoleon I
, 1769–1821, emperor of the French, b. Ajaccio, Corsica, known as "the Little Corporal." Early Life

The son of Carlo and Letizia Bonaparte (or Buonaparte; see under Bonaparte, family), young Napoleon was sent (1779) to French military schools at
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 and added to the kingdom of Westphalia. He attempted to liberate his duchy from French control in 1809, when Austria reopened war against France. Frederick William formed a free corps, the "Black Brunswickers," and in a dashing foray advanced through Germany and captured Brunswick. He soon was driven out but succeeded in fleeing with his troops to England. Returning in 1813, he took possession of Brunswick but was killed at Quatre Bras in the Waterloo campaign.

Frederick William

 

Born Feb. 16, 1620, in Berlin; died May 9, 1688, in Potsdam. Elector of Brandenburg from 1640; known in German bourgeois nobiliary historiography as the Great Elector. Member of the Hohenzollern dynasty.

Prior to Frederick William’s reign, the duchy of Prussia had been a fief of the Polish crown, but under Frederick William it was finally united with Brandenburg, in accordance with the Treaty of Wehlau (1657). By the terms of the Treaty of Westpha lia (1648), Eastern Pomerania and a number of other areas were incorporated into Brandenburg; however, attempts to annex Stettin (Szczecin) and the mouth of the Oder, which were held by Sweden, were unsuccessful. Frederick William laid the foundations of absolutism in Brandenburg-Prussia, and he organized a regular army. He suppressed the resistance of the East Prussian nobility and cities to his policy of centralization.


Frederick William

 

In Prussia:

Frederick William I. Born Aug. 14, 1688, in Berlin; died May 31, 1740, in Potsdam. King of Prussia from 1713. Member of the Hohenzollern dynasty. Son of Frederick I; father of Frederick II.

Frederick William I laid the foundations of Prussian militarism and strengthened the bureaucratic machinery. Noted for hostility toward the intelligentsia and toward progressive social thought, he embodied the major traits of Prussianism. In historical literature Frederick William I is known as the drill sergeant on the throne.

Frederick William II. Born Sept. 25, 1744, in Berlin; died there Nov. 16, 1797. King of Prussia from 1786. Nephew of Frederick II.

Frederick William II was a man of little foresight and weak character and was inclined to mysticism; a court clique held great influence in state affairs. In 1788 he introduced strict censorship, and he limited freedom of religion. In 1791 he signed the Declaration of Pillnitz, which was hostile to revolutionary France. In February 1792, Frederick William concluded a military alliance with Austria, thus initiating the first coalition of European monarchs against revolutionary France.

Frederick William III. Born Aug. 3, 1770, in Potsdam; died June 7, 1840, in Berlin. King of Prussia from 1797. Son of Frederick William II.

In 1806, Frederick William III joined the fourth anti-French coalition. The Prussian army was defeated in battle against Napoleon, and in accordance with the Treaty of Tilsit (1807) half of Prussia was ceded to France. Between 1807 and 1814, Frederick William was forced to agree to the enactment of a series of bourgeois reforms. In 1812, his troops took part in the Napoleonic campaign against Russia. After the Russian victory in the Patriotic War of 1812, a popular patriotic movement arose in Prussia. Under the influence of this movement, Frederick William declared war on France in March 1813. In accordance with a decision of the Congress of Vienna (1814–15), he received Rhenish Prussia, Westphalia, and much of Saxony. He helped create the Holy Alliance. His promise in 1815 to grant Prussia a constitution was not fulfilled. Frederick William assisted in the suppression of the Polish Uprising of 1830–31.

Frederick William IV. Born Oct. 15, 1795, in Berlin; died Jan. 2, 1861, in Potsdam. King of Prussia from 1840. Son of Frederick William III.

Frederick William IV helped suppress the Revolution of 1848–49 and contributed to the establishment of a regime of cruel reaction in Prussia. He was forced, however, to grant Prussia a constitution, which was introduced in January 1850. In the spring of 1849 he refused to accept the imperial crown offered him by the Frankfurt Assembly of 1848–49. In 1857, Frederick William retired from affairs of state because of a mental disorder, and his brother William was declared regent.

Frederick William

called the Great Elector. 1620--88, elector of Brandenburg (1640--88)
References in periodicals archive ?
The postcards for Albert Charles Francis and Frederick William Francis are being displayed at Youngs Grocers, opposite the former Francis family home
Frederick William Hooper can be reached at 858-663-0545, or via email at frederickhooper@gmail.com.
The links between the royal houses of Hanover and Mecklenburg-Strelitz were reinforced in 1843 when Princess Augusta of Cambridge, granddaughter of George III and Queen Charlotte, married the heir to the grand duchy, her cousin Frederick William ('Fritz').
Led by Peter Van Roy, a Yale postdoctoral associate, and Derek Briggs, the Frederick William Beinecke Professor of Geology and Geophysics and director of the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History the team uncovered more than 1,500 fossils of soft-bodied marine animals in newly discovered sites in south-eastern Morocco during a field expedition in 2009.
The man with Lloyd George is my father Mr Frederick William Forrester who was the sculptor.
Sauter (Centro de Invetigacion y Docencia Economicas, Mexico) explores the Prussian Enlightenment through the figure of Johann Christoph Woellner (1732-1800), a Prussian minister and confidant to Frederick William II, King of Prussia, who was responsible for the famous 1788 religious edict setting out orthodox guidelines for religious teaching.
CORAL SPRINGS, FL Frederick William Grimley Jr., 60, of Coral Springs, Florida and formerly of Shrewsbury, died October 7th after a short illness.
The delegation comprised Colin Frederick William Smith, Andre Heinrichs, Ms Gisela and Ms Eva Atanassova.
The story offers plenty of dramatic meat: Frederick tried to escape his royal duties and his authoritarian father, Frederick William I, by fleeing to Britain with his friend and alleged lover Hans Hermann von Katte, a lieutenant of the Prussian army.
A rising star within the Protestant establishment and a founding member of the Protestant "Inner Mission," Wichern had been appointed in 1857 to the Ministry of the Interior by King Frederick William IV to tackle the problem of reforming the Prussian prison system.
One of the earliest, perhaps the first, novel in this genre was Hadrian the Seventh, written in 1904 by Frederick William Rolfe, better known as Baron Corvo.