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Fredericton,city (1991 pop. 46,466), provincial capital, S central N.B., Canada, on the St. John River. It is a commercial, administrative, and academic center with some light manufactures. The city was founded by United Empire LoyalistsUnited Empire Loyalists,
in Canadian history, name applied to those settlers who, loyal to the British cause in the American Revolution, migrated from the Thirteen Colonies to Canada.
..... Click the link for more information. in 1783 and was made the provincial capital in 1785. Of interest are the government buildings, Christ Church Cathedral (1853), the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, and the Playhouse Theatre. The Univ. of New Brunswick (1785, Canada's first university), and St. Thomas Univ. (1910) are in the city. Nearby is a Forest Research Center for Atlantic Canada and a federal experimental farm.
a city in SE Canada, capital of New Brunswick, on the St John River. Pop.: 54 068 (2001)