F. W. de Klerk

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de Klerk, F. W.

(Frederik Willem de Klerk) (frĕd`ərĭk vĭl`əm də klûrk`), 1936–, South African statesman, president of South Africa (1989–94). Holding ministerial posts from 1978, he became (1989) acting president when P. W. BothaBotha, Pieter Willem
, 1916–2006, South African political leader. An Afrikaner and a member of the right-wing National party, he first entered parliament in 1948. Botha gained prominence as minister of defense (1966–80) and became prime minister in 1978.
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 resigned. Recognizing that black resistance to the white power monopoly would only increase, de Klerk, despite his conservative reputation, began the process of ending apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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, lifting the ban on antiapartheid parties and releasing Nelson MandelaMandela, Nelson Rolihlahla
, 1918–2013, South African statesman. He earned a degree (B.A., 1943) after being expelled from the University College of Fort Hare (for taking part in a student protest) and finishing his studies with the Univ.
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 from prison in 1990. In 1991 he obtained the repeal of all remaining apartheid laws and called for the drafting of a new constitution, leading to the approval of a multiracial transitional government in 1993. De Klerk and Mandela were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1993. Mandela succeeded de Klerk as president in 1994, and de Klerk became one of two vice presidents in a government of national unity. Two years later the National Party withdrew from the government to form an official opposition, and in 1997 De Klerk retired from politics.


See his autobiographical The Last Trek (1999).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Among the Prize awarded personalities confirmed to attend the Summit are former presidents Frederik Willem de Klerk from South Africa; Juan Manuel Santos from Colombia, Jose Ramos Horta from East Timor; Lech Walesa from Poland; Lord David Trimble, First minister of Northern Ireland; Shirin Ebadi, first female jurist in Iran; Leymah Gbowee, a peace activist from Liberia who helped to end a civil war; Tawakkol Karman, Yemeni human rights activist and founder of Women Journalists Without Chains; Rigoberta Menchu Tum, known for dedicating her life to promoting the rights of indigenous people; Kailash Satyarthi, children's rights activist from India who has released 85,000+ children slaves; and, Jody Williams, American activist known for her work to ban antipersonnel landmines.
A good leader needs to identify the necessity for change and provide a clear vision before seeking to convince others that supporting that vision will benefit themselves and future generations, former South African President Frederik Willem de Klerk said Thursday in Taipei.
The delegation includes Frederik Willem de Klerk, former president of South Africa (1989-1994), Lech Walesa, former president of Poland (1990-1995), Jose Ramos-Horta, former president of East Timor (2007-2012) and Kailash Satyarthi, a social and human rights activist from India, who heads the Kylash Satyarthi Foundation for Children.
He also won the Nobel Peace Prize, together with another former South African president Frederik Willem de Klerk, in 1993.
Confirmed speakers include FREDERIK WILLEM DE KLERK, former President of South Africa and EDMUND STROTHER PHELPS winner of the 2006 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science.
In 1993 he shared the Nobel Peace Prize with former President Frederik Willem de Klerk for their work to end apartheid.
GREEK Cypriot negotiator Andreas Mavroyiannis and his Turkish Cypriot counterpart Kudret Ozersay continued their contacts in South Africa on Monday, meeting with former President of South Africa and Nobel Peace Prize winner, Frederik Willem De Klerk.
Could there have been a Mandela without a Frederik Willem de Klerk? A good question.
Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 - jointly with Frederik Willem de Klerk - for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime and forming a democratic South Africa.
In 1993 he and President Frederik Willem De Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and in 1994, at the age of 75, he was inaugurated as the first black president of South Africa.
In 1990 President Frederik Willem de Klerk began negotiations to end apartheid, culminating in multi-racial democratic elections in 1994, which were won by the African National Congress under Nelson Mandela.