see HaldenHalden
, town (1995 pop. 25,951), Østfold co., SE Norway, a port on the Iddefjord (an arm of the Skagerrak), near the Swedish border. Manufactures include forest products, footwear, and textiles.
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, Norway.
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He was born in Fredrikshald, near Kristiania (now Oslo), in 1802, the grandson of a timber merchant from Heckmondwike, near Leeds, who emigrated to Norway from Hull in 1753.
The following offices were established: Tromso (1852), Stavanger (1852), Fredrikshald (Halden) (1854), Lillehammer (1860), Bodo (1874), Kristiansund (1880) and Hamar (1881).
Although it would take another century, and a series of wrong-headed wars with Russia, for Sweden to completely give up its expansionist ambitions, the end of its empire effectively took place when Charles keeled over dead in the trenches outside the Norwegian outpost of Fredrikshald, to which his forces were laying siege.