Free Church of Scotland

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Scotland, Free Church of

Scotland, Free Church of, the secessionist Presbyterian church established as a result of the great disruption of 1843 in the Church of Scotland. The cause of the separation lay in the demand of the laity for a voice in matters of patronage. Previously abolished, patronage had been restored in 1712; protests and remonstrances resulted. In cases brought up for decision, civil and ecclesiastical courts disagreed with each other. The intrusion of ministers upon unwilling congregations became a serious issue. Congregations everywhere were divided. In 1843, after 10 years of conflict, a body of nonintrusionists in the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland signed a protest, withdrew, and constituted themselves the first Assembly of the Free Church. Thomas Chalmers was their leader and organizer. Over 470 ministers (out of 1,200) and professors who formed the center of the movement signed a deed of demission, giving up their claims to any benefits of the Established Church. There was no divergence from the accustomed doctrine, discipline, or worship. New College at Edinburgh was established by the Free Church. All but a minority of the Free Church entered a union (1900) with the United Presbyterian Church as the United Free Church of Scotland. In 1929 most rejoined the Church of Scotland. Those who did not objected to state recognition of any church. This group of 70 congregations continues to be known as the United Free Church of Scotland.


See K. R. Ross, Church and Creed in Scotland (1988).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Shell recounts how children in Abyssinia (now Ethiopia) were enslaved during the late 1880s and loaded on ships bound for Arabia, and how two of the ships were intercepted by the British Navy, the children were taken to a Free Church of Scotland mission in Aden, and eventually 64 of them were taken to Scottish missionaries at the Lovedale Institution in South Africa.
Noon: Cornet, Lass and followers arrive on horseback at Plainstanes; ?Noon-3pm: Guid Nychburris Cafe, Free Church of Scotland Hall, George Street; ?
The Rev David Fraser, of the Free Church of Scotland (Continuing), held a sign that on one side said "repent and be converted that your sins may be blotted out".
Thomas Chalmers, who became the first moderator of the evangelical Free Church of Scotland and namesake for many of our Canadian congregations, was not only a prominent preacher, but also a respected scientist and chemist.
'Send back the money!'; the Free Church of Scotland and American slavery.
The Archbishop of Canterbury addressed the WMC's opening session at the United Free Church of Scotland's Assembly Hall on June 14, 1910.
The initiative and leadership of the United Free Church of Scotland and seven or more Scottish societies like the Livingstonia Mission Committee give the intellectual and spiritual context for the Scottish venue.
Born in Scotland, Mackay spent his early career as a missionary in Latin America, first from the Free Church of Scotland and then with the Y.M.C.A.
John's Parish Church in Glasgow (1826-1847) and second moderator of the General Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland (1844).
Before the couple's first child Judith was born in July 1951, Rev Nicholson joined the United Free Church of Scotland to study at St Andrew's University while preaching at Mil-nathort in Kinross, Scotland.
The Evangelical movement in nineteenth-century Scotland is normally associated with controversies surrounding the formation of the Free Church of Scotland in 1843 and the leading roles played by churchmen such as Thomas Chalmers.
of Jyvaskyla) looks closely at the relationship between medicine and religion in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, taking the Livingstone Mission of the Free Church of Scotland in Malawi as his primary case study.