Free Democratic Party


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Free Democratic Party

 

(Freie Demokratische Partei; FDP), a liberal-bourgeois party, founded in 1948, in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG).

The FDP reflects the interests of liberal circles in the big bourgeoisie, of small and medium businessmen, office workers, government officials, well-to-do peasants, and artisans. It was active in the establishment of the FRG, and its leader, T. Heuss, was the first president of the FRG, serving in that capacity from 1949 to 1959. The FDP has often entered government coalitions with the Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union. It was in opposition in the periods 1956–61 and 1966–69.

Since 1969 the FDP has been a coalition partner of the Social Democratic Party (SDP). It holds four ministerial posts, including that of minister of foreign affairs, in the federal government. Since 1969 it has also held the position of deputy chancellor—W. Scheel was deputy chancellor from 1969 to 1974, and H.-D. Genscher has been deputy chancellor since 1974.

The FDP, together with the SDP, has taken steps toward detente in Europe; it has moved toward better relations with the USSR and other socialist countries, helping to conclude treaties, over the period 1970–73, between the FRG, on the one hand, and the USSR, the Polish People’s Republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, and the German Democratic Republic, on the other. In 1974, Scheel, who was party chairman from 1968 to 1974, was elected president of the FRG. The FDP has 70,000 members (August 1974). H.-D. Genscher has been party chairman since October 1974.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Christian Democratic Union, the Christian Social Union of Bavaria, and the Free Democratic Party were able to form a center-right government, with Angela Merkel continuing as the Chancellor and Guido Westerwelle becoming Foreign Minister and Vice-Chancellor.
It means she will not be able to form the ruling coalition she had hoped for with the pro-business Free Democratic Party.
The narrow victory means it is unlikely she will form the ruling coalition she had hoped for with the pro-business Free Democratic Party and become Germany's first woman Chancellor.
At the most, there was a danger of what the Swiss journalist Fritz Rene Alemann called its "democratic mimicry," particularly in the Free Democratic Party, which provided a safe haven for old Nazis.
[34] Even women politicians such as Marie-Elisabeth Luders of the Free Democratic Party embraced this ideology, urging West German women to resume their "task from time immemorial as the protector of home and family." [35]
The Free Democratic Party said yesterday it would not rule out calling for a parliamentary investigating committee to be formed to study allegations that Mr Fischer was more involved in violence than he has said.
After a long and tedious campaign the coalition government of CDU/CSU (Christian Democratic Party/Christian Social Union) and the liberal FDP (Free Democratic Party) under the leadership of Helmut Kohl, the heavy-weight champion of German reunification and European Union, was ousted by the SDP (Social Democratic Party), led by Gerhard Schroder.
Some of the most prominent activists who split with DemRussia over what they regarded as the organization's blind loyalty to the president--such as historian and political commentator Leonid Batkin and Free Democratic Party leader Marina Salier--joined in the referendum campaign.
In the process, he fetched valuable political capital: As a close friend of foreign minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher and a member of the Free Democratic Party --long Germany's free-market concience --Moellemann is widely though to seeking FDP leadership and perhaps even Gencher's slot, should the latter step down in a few years as expected.
In West Berlin the Republicans, recently founded by a former Nazi SS officer, Franz Schonhuber, won 7.5 percent of the vote in a January election, jackbooting the veteran Free Democratic Party right out of the city Parliament.
While he makes some minor errors--the Free Democratic Party, not the Christian Democrats in West Germany were initially the representatives of "hardy individualism' and "free enterprise' (p.
The Free Democratic Party garnered 10.7% of the vote during the last elections to the German Bundestag (parliament).