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curling,winter sport, similar in principle to bowlsbowls,
ancient sport (the bocce of Caesar's Rome is still played by Italians), especially popular in Great Britain and Australia, known as lawn bowls or bowling on the green in the United States.
..... Click the link for more information. and quoits (see horseshoe pitchinghorseshoe pitching,
game played by two or more persons using horseshoes, the object being to throw the shoes so as to encircle a vertical iron peg that is 14 in. (35.6 cm) high. Regulation courts are at least 50 ft (15 m) long and 10 ft (3 m) wide; pitching distance is 40 ft (12.
..... Click the link for more information. ), played on an ice court called a sheet by teams of four. Each player hurls a squat, circular stone—weighing 38 to 44 lb (17.2 to 20 kg), dished on bottom and top and having a top handle for the player's grip—at the tees, or fixed goals, which are placed 114 ft (35 m) apart. Around each tee a circle is drawn with a radius of 6 ft (1.8 m). Each player is provided with a crampit, or spiked metal plate, to get a foothold on the ice, and a broom to sweep the ice in front of the swerving stone—one of the eye-catching features of the game. The players on both teams alternately send the stones toward one tee; the stones lying nearest the tee at the end of play count toward the score. The play is then made toward the opposite tee. A curling tournament is called a bonspiel. Curling is a major winter sport of Scotland, where it was played perhaps as early as the 16th cent. The Royal Caledonia Curling Club, founded in 1838, is the governing body of the sport. Curling is also very popular in Canada, is played to some extent in the United States and other countries, and is a winter Olympic sport.
a game played on ice in which a disk of dressed stone or metal with a handle attached is slid across ice and into an outlined tee (fixed mark). The total length of the ice rink is 42 yards (36.22 m), and from the line where the stone is released to the tee is 36 yards (30.96 m). The stone weighs 38 pounds (17.252 kg) and has a circumference of 36 inches (92.16 cm). Points are counted for bringing the stone to rest on the tee. Usually two teams take part in a game.
Scotland is considered the birthplace of curling (in the mid-16th century); the first curling club was opened in 1738 in the county of Fife. In the first half of the 19th century the rules of play for curling were officially established, and they have hardly changed at all since that time. Curling has become popular in Great Britain, Canada, the German Democratic Republic, Austria, and the Scandinavian countries, where national curling federations. Curling matches have been included several times in the program of the Winter Olympics as exhibition contests.