This isn't really wine country but that hasn't stopped a free settler
or two putting in grapes.
The free settlers
, fleeing poverty or the phylloxera, were also lured by the dream of a paradise for small peasants, not to mention a free trip, a land grant and six months' free supplies on arrival.
Section 1 is devoted to the county of Cumberland up to 1860 and discusses horse owners and breeders among the military and civil officers, merchants and free settlers
, emancipists and currency lads.
Bookplates were used in Europe shortly after the invention of printing and they arrived in Australia in books belonging to some of the military officials and a small number of the free settlers
. By 1830 simple amorial designs were being produced locally by commercial stationers and engravers.
The cohort of free men who came to Australia after the Napoleonic Wars comprised military officials appointed to administer the penal colony, ordinary soldiers in military detachments guarding the convicts, and a number of free settlers.(1) The society they had left was struggling with the difficulties of scaling back from war to peacetime and many of these new colonial arrivals, having weighed up their prospects in Europe, had decided to try their hand in the gamble of a new career in the colonies.(2)
Whether as administrators fulfilling their public duties in New South Wales or free settlers taking up land, they drew on the models and practices they had learnt on the Iberian Peninsula.
The scale of the compensation to which De Arrieta successfully claimed entitlement in New South Wales fits that occupation rather than his having been an underling or an interpreter for a British Commissary official.(29) As well, De Arrieta was accepted immediately into the narrowly snobbish circle of the colonial elite rather than moving in the lower social echelon of free settlers.(30) Similarly, the charge of speculation, the protracted delay in having his accounts settled, and even his stint in an English prison were not uncommon features of the career of a large contractor to the English Commissary Department during the Peninsular War.(31)