Freedom of Information Act


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Freedom of Information Act

(1966), law requiring that U.S. government agencies release their records to the public on request, unless the information sought falls into a category specifically exempted, such as national security, an individual's right to privacyprivacy, right of,
the right to be left alone without unwarranted intrusion by government, media, or other institutions or individuals. While a consensus supporting the right to privacy has emerged (all recently confirmed justices of the Supreme Court have affirmed their belief
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, or internal agency management. The act provides for court review of agency refusals to furnish identifiable records. The states also have similar laws. The federal government and some states have also adopted so-called sunshine laws that require governmental bodies, as a matter of general policy, to hold open meetings, announced in advance. Presidential papers remained under the control of individual American presidents until 1981, when the Presidential Records Act—enacted by Congress in 1978—took effect. Under it, presidential papers were to be released to the public 12 years after an administration ended. In 2001, however, President George W. Bush signed an executive order that gave a former president or a sitting president the right to prevent the release of a former president's papers to the public. The G. W. Bush administration was also generally more reluctant to release documents under the Freedom of Information Act.
References in periodicals archive ?
There have been attempts over the years to weaken, or even kill, the Freedom of Information Act - which has often resulted in information being made public that was embarrassing to people in power.
As far as we're concerned, ang ipaglalaban natin isang genuine Freedom of Information Act na talagang magbibigay buhay sa karapatan ng mamamayang Pilipino,' Tinio said.
The process under the Freedom of Information Act remains an option to get access to such information; however the proposed new statutory rules, as successfully demonstrated by the pilot process, provide an alternative method that avoids the publication of sensitive and often very private information.
We see the Arkansas Freedom of Information Act being chipped away at all the time, which is why we can no longer give Arkansas Business readers the data on restaurant sales that they enjoyed for decades.
The consultation on the Freedom of Information Act, being undertaken by an "independent commission" appointed by the Government, is a full frontal attack on these principles.
What may come as something of a surprise to Mr Grayling is that researchers working for the Welsh Conservative Party regularly use the Freedom of Information Act to obtain data they release to the media to reveal perceived shortcomings in the Labour-run Welsh Government.
Fears have been raised about the Freedom of Information Act (FoI), which aims to give the public access to the things they pay for, after a consultation was launched.
Police made 8,511 arrests of children aged between 10 and 12 over the past two years, according to figures released by forces in England and Wales under the Freedom of Information Act.
The list has been posted online by the Electronic Privacy Information Center, a privacy watchdog group who filed a request under the Freedom of Information Act before suing to obtain the release of the documents.
I think it is about time we had total transparency within the council, and that Clr Khan answer all questions put to him as far as the Freedom of Information Act is concerned, by an independent, unbiased individual, in a totally open hearing, and not in secret, as at present.
I trust the council will now embrace the Freedom of Information Act instead of trying to avoid scrutiny over how it spends public money.
Similarly, if the opinion finds no violation of the Act, the person who filed the Freedom of Information Act request also may begin an administrative review.

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