Freiberg Mining Academy

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Freiberg Mining Academy


the world’s first higher school of mining and metallurgy. The academy was founded in 1765 in the city of Freiberg on the basis of J. F. Henckel’s laboratory by F. A. Heynitz and F. W. Oppel, government advisers for the mining industry in Saxony. The principle of combining theory and practice was first implemented at the academy. Instruction was offered in mineralogy, geology, mining, and metallurgy; subjects related to the coal industry and ferrous metallurgy were later added to the curriculum.

A. G. Werner and J. Charpentier taught at the Freiberg Mining Academy. A. von Humboldt, L. Buch, J. G. Herder, K. T. Kôrner, and Novalis were students there. In 1886 in a laboratory at the academy, C. A. Winkler discovered the element germanium, thus confirming Mendeleev’s periodic system.

When the German Democratic Republic was formed, the Freiberg Mining Academy became a major educational and scientific research center of the republic. As of 1976, the academy trained specialists in mathematics, natural sciences, mining, metallurgy, and engineering economics. The academy includes the Wilhelm Pieck Faculty of Workers and Peasants and the Institute of Socialist Economic Management. In the 1975–76 academic year, the academy had 3,800 students and more than 700 teachers, including about 60 professors. The library contains more than 250,000 volumes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chief among the native Brazilians who made major contributions was Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva (1726-1789), who, after graduating from the Freiberg Mining Academy, went on to write prolifically of Brazil's "natural history." Andrada was the first to describe petalite, seapolite and cryolite; the mineral species andradite was named for him.
Prefatory remarks by the Finance Minister of Saxony and by the Rector of the Technical University of the Freiberg Mining Academy emphasize the increasing cultural and academic connections between China and Germany (the Finance Minister noting, for instance, that 58 Chinese students enrolled for study at Freiberg during the winter 2007-2008 semester).
Erika Pohl, who has recently donated her large private mineral collection to the Freiberg Mining Academy (that collection is now set up on public display at Schloss [castle] Freudenstein in Freiberg).
Most intriguing was a Russian aquamarine from the Freiberg Mining Academy. What made this single crystal fascinating was that the base of the crystal had been carved to be used as a wax sealing stamp for mineralogist Johann Breithaupt.
Other large collections were built by Johann Lange (1698-1765; 6,000 specimens) and Johann Forster (1729-1798; 3,500 specimens), both of the University of Halle, Johann Widenmann (1764-1798; 2,879 specimens) at the University of Stuttgart, Johann Henckel (1679-1744; 2,000 specimens) at the Freiberg Mining Academy, and Urban Bruckmann (1728-1812) at the University of Braunschweig (his published mineral catalog ran to 432 pages).
Petersburg Academies, the German correspondent for the Royal Sardinian Scientific Society in Turin, and a Director of the Freiberg Mining Academy. By 1760 he had become one of the most important and knowledgeable mineralogists in Saxony and, although he left no publications of his own, Werner described him as an enthusiastic and clever teacher of great competence, an opinion said to have been shared by many foreign visitors who spent time with him in Freiberg, including Ignaz von Born, Martin Brunnich and Johann Ferber.
Fausto de Elhuyar, the younger brother of Juan Jose de Elhuyar (1754-1796), was born in Logrono, Spain, and was educated in Paris (1772-1777) and at the Freiberg Mining Academy. He taught in Vergara, and founded the Royal School of Metallurgy.
Their methods were further refined at the Freiberg Mining Academy in the middle-1800's.
Moses, a United States citizen and graduate of the Freiberg Mining Academy (Hoffmann, 1865).