Freiburg, University of

Freiburg, University of

 

(full name, Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg), one of the oldest universities in the Federal Republic of Germany. It was founded in 1457 by Archduke Albrecht VI as the Albertine University. The university’s original faculties were those of theology, law, arts, and medicine; studies began in 1460. Beginning in 1620 the most important positions at the university were held by Jesuits. In 1767 the university became a state educational institution, and beginning in the early 19th century it was known as the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg owing to the support given it by Ludwig, Grand Duke of Baden.

In 1976 the University of Freiburg had faculties of theology, law, economics, and medicine, and four faculties of philosophy. It also had faculties of mathematics, physics, chemistry and pharmacy, biology, geosciences, and forestry, as well as a computer center and a library (founded 1974) containing 1.7 million volumes. In the 1975–76 academic year the university had 15,800 students and 800 faculty members, including approximately 200 professors.

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