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see FribourgFribourg
, Ger. Freiburg, canton (1990 pop. 204,328), 645 sq mi (1,671 sq km), W Switzerland. Located on the Swiss Plateau and amid the foothills of the Alps, Fribourg is an agricultural region known for its cattle and cheese (notably Gruyère).
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, Switzerland.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Freiburg im Breisgau), a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg. It is located in the Dreisam River valley at the point where the river flows from the Black Forest mountains toward the Rhine plain. Population, 179,200 (1975). Industries in Freiburg include electrical machine building, woodworking, and the manufacture of chemicals, textiles, and paper. There are also publishing and printing houses and handicraft workshops. The city has a university.

The old section of Freiburg, which largely retained its medieval street plan, was severely damaged during World War II (1939–45). The new districts of the city, built since the late 1940’s, consist mainly of individual buildings and dwellings. Architectural monuments in Freiburg include the Gothic cathedral (c. 1200-late 15th century) and the Martinstor and Schwabentor (both 13th century). Among the city’s Renaissance buildings are the former city hall (1556) and the former university (1576). Freiburg’s art collections contain chiefly works dating from the 13th to 18th centuries.


Bauch, K. Freiburg im Breisgau. Munich-Berlin, 1953.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a city in SW Germany, in SW Baden-W?rttemberg: under Austrian rule (1368--1805); university (1457). Pop.: 212 495 (2003 est.)
2. the German name for Fribourg
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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