Freilicher, Jane

Freilicher, Jane

(frī`lĭkər) 1924–2014, American painter, b. Brooklyn, N.Y., as Jane Niederhoffer; studied Hans Hoffmann School (1947), Brooklyn College (B.A. 1947), Columbia (M.A. 1948). Though influenced by the abstract expressionismabstract expressionism,
movement of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the mid-1940s and attained singular prominence in American art in the following decade; also called action painting and the New York school.
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 of her youth, she nonetheless remained independent throughout her career, creating intensely personal realistic paintings—Long Island landscapes, New York cityscapes, interiors, and still lifes. She consistently rejected prevailing artistic fashion to produce bright yet subtly colored, witty, quiet, urbane, and incandescently atmospheric paintings and prints. Living and working in New York City and Water Mill, Long Island, during the 1950s and 60s, Freilicher was part of a group of artists that included the figurative painters Larry RiversRivers, Larry,
1923–2002, American artist, b. New York City as Yitzroch Loisa Grossberg. Originally a jazz saxophonist, he turned to art in the 1940s. Reacting against abstract expressionism, Rivers turned to the figure, as in his 1954 series of nude studies, including
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, Nell Blaine, and Fairfield Porter and the New York School poets John AshberyAshbery, John,
1927–2017, American poet, b. Rochester, N.Y., grad. Harvard (B.A., 1949), Columbia (M.A., 1951). Among the most acclaimed and influential American poets of his era, he was (1960s–70s) one of the so-called New York school of poets, which also included
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, Kenneth KochKoch, Kenneth
(Kenneth Jay Koch) , 1925–2002, American poet, novelist, and playwright, b. Cincinnati. After studying at Harvard and Columbia he was associated with the Artist's Theatre, Locus Solus
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, and Frank O'HaraO'Hara, Frank
1926–66, American poet, b. Baltimore, grad. Harvard (B.A., 1950), Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor (M.A., 1951). His poetry is spontaneous, vernacular, witty, personal, and very much of its time and place—New York City, 1951–66.
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.

Bibliography

See J. Ashbery et al., Jane Freilicher (1986); study by K. Kertess (2004); J. Quilter, Jane Freilicher: A Painter among Poets (2013).

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