Freitas do Amaral, Diogo

Freitas do Amaral, Diogo

(dēō`gō frā`täs do͞o ämäräl`), 1941–2020, Portuguese political leader. A law professor at the Univ. of Lisbon, he was a founder (1974) and leader (1974–82, 1988–91) of the conservative Christian Democratic party and one of the leading founders of democracy in Portugal following the overthrow of the dictatorship in 1974. Freitas do Amaral was a member of the Portuguese parliament (1975–83, 1992–93) and served as deputy prime minister (1980–83), minister of foreign affairs (1980–81), minister of defense (1981–83), and interim prime minister (Dec. 1980–Jan., 1981) in the Democratic Alliance coalition government. He also was president of the European Union of Christian Democrats (1982–83), and narrowly lost the 1986 presidential election to Socialist Mário SoaresSoares, Mário
(Mário Alberto Nobre Lópes Soares) , 1924–2017, Portuguese politician. Soares rose to prominence as a vocal critic of the regime of António Salazar and as an advocate of democracy and economic development; he was imprisoned on
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. He again was minister of foreign affairs in 2005–6, under Prime Minister José SócratesSócrates Carvalho Pinto de Sousa, José,
1957–, Portuguese political leader, prime minister of Portugal (2005–11). b. Porto. A member of the center-left Socialist party since 1981, he was elected to parliament in 1987.
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