Mozambique Liberation Front

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mozambique Liberation Front

 

(Frente de Libertação de Moçambique; FRELIMO), the ruling party of Mozambique. Its membership consists primarily of peasants, in addition to a small number of urban workers and members of the revolutionary intelligentsia.

FRELIMO was founded in July 1962. In September 1964 it assumed leadership of the armed struggle waged by Mozambique patriots against the Portuguese colonialists; the goal of the struggle was the national independence of Mozambique and the establishment of a democratic system. The party led the liberation army and partisan detachments.

After the fascist dictatorship in Portugal was overthrown on Apr. 25, 1974, FRELIMO entered into negotiations with the Portuguese government on national independence for Mozambique. The party’s representative, J. Chissano, headed Mozambique’s provisional government, which was established in September 1974 and functioned until June 1975. On June 25, 1975, Samora Machel, chairman of the ruling triumvirate of FRELIMO, became president of the People’s Republic of Mozambique.

FRELIMO’s supreme body is the Congress of the party; between congresses supreme authority is exercised by the Central Committee. The press organs of FRELIMO are Mozambique Revolution (in English), Boletin de informação (in Portuguese), and Bulletin d’information (in French).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The drive for Mozambican independence developed apace, and in 1962 several anti-colonial political groups formed the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO), which initiated an armed campaign against Portuguese colonial rule in September 1964.
reckon that the 1992 cease-fire agreement in Mozambique between Frelimo and Renamo marked the end of hostilities but not the end of political conflict.
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