Cameroun

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cameroun

 

a volcanic massif (mountain mass) in Africa, by the shores of the Gulf of Guinea. Elevation, 4, 070 m. It is a trachybasaltic stratovolcano, with a dome-shaped form, gentleslopes, and numerous lateral cones and craters. The main peak is the active cone Fako, which last erupted in 1959. The greatest amount of precipitation in Africa (approximately 10, 000 mm a year) falls on the western and southwestern slopes of the Cameroun massif. There are equatorial rainforests (partially replaced by plantations) along the lower sections of the slopes. There are mountain forests higher up and mountain meadows in the highest zone.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.