French Civil Code of 1804

French Civil Code of 1804

 

(Napoleonic Code), an existing codification of civil law in France that has decisively influenced the development of civil law in a number of bourgeois countries. Engels called it the classic law code of bourgeois society. Compiled with the direct participation of Napoleon, the code includes civil, family, procedural, and some labor rules of law.

Abolishing feudal privileges, the Code guarantees the freedom of private ownership, declaring this to be a sacred and inviolable right. The code clearly departs from the principle of formal equality by, for example, stipulating the formal inequality of master and worker. Women are not given equal rights in family and property relations, and their formal legal capactiy and transactional capacity are severely limited. Drawn up in accordance with the institute system (seeINSTITUTES), the code has been amended many times since its adoption.

References in periodicals archive ?
The French Civil Code of 1804, le Code Napoleon, can be also
The sources of Codul Calimach were the customs of the land, Roman-Byzantine laws, the French Civil Code of 1804 and the Austrian Civil Code of 1811.
The most important source of inspiration was the French Civil Code of 1804.
This short-hand reference to the French Civil Code of 1804 is a gross oversimplification, but one that continues today.