French Democratic Confederation of Labor

French Democratic Confederation of Labor


(FDCL; Confédération Française. Démocratique du Travail), a left-wing reformist national trade union association in France. The FDCL was founded in 1964 by a majority of the members of the French Confederation of Christian Workers. The FDCL proclaimed as its chief task the struggle for a democratic society; the confederation declared its independence from the state, from parties, and from the church. The confederation’s leaders voiced their opposition to the Fifth Republic.

In 1966 the confederation agreed to act in concert with the General Confederation of Labor (GCL). During the general strike of 1968 in France the FDCL did much to intensify the strike; nevertheless, anticommunist leftist tendencies became apparent in the activities of the confederation’s leaders. The continued growth of anticapitalist feeling prompted the FDCL to adopt the reformist concept of “democratic socialism” in 1970. The confederation has declared its support for self-government of enterprises, democratic planning, and public ownership of the means of production and exchange; on a number of occasions the organization has acknowledged the existence of the class struggle. The FDCL has concluded agreements with the GCL to better coordinate the activities of the two organizations.

In 1979 the FDCL had about 1,100,000 members. Apart from the GCL it is the most influential trade union center. The FDCL belongs to the World Confederation of Labor.


Kargalova, M. V. Frantsiia: Profsoiuzy i nauchno-tekhnicheskaia revoliutsiia. Moscow, 1975.