La Marseillaise

(redirected from French National Anthem)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Marseillaise, La


a French revolutionary song and the French national anthem.

The music and lyrics of the “Marseillaise” were written by C. J. Rouget de Lisle in 1792, in Strasbourg. It was originally called “War Song for the Army of the Rhine.” It spread quickly in the Republican Army and reached Marseille, where it became known as the “March of the Men of Marseille,” or the “Marseillaise,” and was later brought to Paris. Banned during the Restoration and Second Empire, the Third Republic made it the national anthem; its musical text was officially established in 1887.

In Russia during the 1880’s and 1890’s, a revolutionary song based on the melody of the “Marseillaise” and known as the “Workers’ Marseillaise” became popular among workers and the intelligentsia. As a result of some intonational, rhythmical, and structural changes, it became in essence a new song. The text of the “Workers’ Marseillaise,” which is a separate poetic work in its own right, was written by P. L. Lavrov (published 1875 in the newspaper Vpered, no. 12, July 1); it has been performed with some alterations.


Tiersot, J. Histoire de la “Marseillaise.” Paris, 1915.
Tiersot, J. Pesni i prazdnestva Frantsuzskoi revoliutsii. Moscow, 1933. Pages 81-92. (Translated from French.)
Dymshits, A. L. “O ’rabochikh marserezakh’.” Sovetskii forklor, 1936, nos. 4-5.
Biografii pesen. Moscow, 1965. (Collection of articles.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Personally I could not have dreamed of a better start," said Renard, the tallest player in the competition, as she admitted an emotional rendition of the French national anthem had lifted the home players."We knew the Parc would be full, and after the 'Marseillaise' we wanted to get off to a great start and score in the first quarter of an hour.
Some protesters sang the French national anthem -- "The Marseillaise" -- as they confronted phalanxes of police in heavy riot gear.
Besides the singing of the French national anthem by students of the French school, a minute's silence was observed in memory of those killed in the war.
Macron stood to attention as a military band played the Marseillaise, the French national anthem, before walking through the rain to inspect troops.
It is now the most viewed single video of any national anthem of the world on YouTube, overtaking the French national anthem video which has 36 million views.
On the Champs-Elysees, cordoned off by police for celebrations, supporters climbed atop bus stations and kiosks, also setting off smoke bombs and yelling:"We are the French." In the Latin Quarter, spontaneous processions erupted from bars and pubs and set off through the narrow streets singing the Marseillaise the French national anthem to join a street party in a nearby square.
25" (allegro maestoso) inspired the music of French National Anthem "La Marseillaise" that is in turn among the roots of our own "Lupang Hinirang." The others, according to its composer Julian Felipe, are the "Grand March" of Verdi's Aida and Spain's "Marcha Real.
REUTERS/Charles Platiau CAIRO -- 17 April 2018: Real Madrid's French striker, Karim Benzema, revealed on Tuesday that he always refused to sing the French national anthem before games with the national team.
God Save The Queen came after the French national anthem - as if England were the home team - as a tribute to the people murdered in Manchester and London.
More than 70,000 paid tribute to the Paris victims with a minute's silence and a rendition of the French national anthem La Marseillaise at Wembley in 2015.
They burst into a rendition of the French national anthem, and waved French flags and blue flags with "Marine President" inscribed on them.