Spender, a platoon commander in C Company of 2 Para Battalion, was killed in 1943 while assaulting German positions during the British-American invasion of French North Africa
. Six of his poems are connected to his training and service with The Parachute Regiment.
6 France (along with French North Africa
and French West Africa)
SIXTY-EIGHT years ago, on November 8, 1942, the Operation Torch landings took place on the beaches of French North Africa
. This was the first of many future combined British and American operations.
French North Africa
. The new regime under Admiral Jean Darlan and
The culmination of the bitter undeclared war came in Algeria in 1942 when Anglo-American forces invaded French North Africa
, inducing the duplicitous and opportunistic Admiral Darlan--chief villain of Smith's book--to switch sides and 'play the turn-coat' in Churchill's phrase (Darlan was assassinated soon afterwards, much to Churchill's satisfaction and possibly with his connivance).
(I made my own small contribution to this growing historiographical field with a biography of Maxime Weygand, published in 2008, including chapters on the general's extreme, courageous Vichy opposition to the Nazis, via supervision of spying aiding the British, preservation of a relatively free French North Africa
to Americans and British present there at the time of TORCH, etc.)
Colonial Madness: Psychiatry in French North Africa
, by Richard C.
and British forces landed in French North Africa
to launch Operation Torch, the first major Allied offensive of World War II.
The fifty-six "Ouvrages" highlighted in this fashion deal with a very wide range of topics starting with a study of orientalist aesthetics, art, colonialism and French North Africa
and ending with a biography of Karl Marx.
He describes the means by which nazis extended racial murder deep into French North Africa
, and the efforts by ordinary Muslims to protect their Jewish townsmen and even strangers.
A student travel grant got him to North Africa in 1938 where he would meet the leader of the Algerian Communist Party, and he came close to doing a major research project on "The Agrarian Problem in French North Africa
." Later, Hobsbawm would visit and come to know Italy largely under the auspices of the PCI--to which he eventually felt more attached than to the British party--and it was Ambrogio Donini, a member of its Central Committee, who led him to some of the strange sects who populate the pages of Primitive Rebels.
Washington is playing a devious game with Mossadegh, obviously hoping to snatch up the control of Iranian oil which slipped out of British hands during the summer and autumn....In French North Africa
, as in Indo-China, the last acts of France as a great imperialist power are being played out....But it is perhaps in Egypt that the Middle East-North African crisis is most intense....The situation is so serious [said Business Week in its October 27, 1951 issue] "that the United States and its allies must develop a radically new policy in the Middle East in a hurry." And what should that policy be--encourage the revolutionaries who want to overthrow this unspeakably rotten society?