French Sudan

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French Sudan:

see MaliMali
, officially Republic of Mali, independent republic (2015 est. pop. 17,468,000), 478,764 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km), the largest country in W Africa. Mali is bordered on the north by Algeria, on the east and southeast by Niger, on the south by Burkina Faso and Côte
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Sudan, French


a French colony in West Africa, along the upper and middle courses of the Senegal and Niger rivers, in 1894–99 and 1920–58. From 1899 to 1920, the French Sudan, together with Niger and Upper Volta, formed the colony of Upper Senegal and Niger. In 1958 the French Sudan was granted autonomy and became a member of the French Community under the name of the Sudanese Republic. In September 1960, the Sudanese Republic became the independent Republic of Mali.

References in periodicals archive ?
31) Toulotte led the third caravan to the French Sudan in 1896 but returned, broken in health and "aged by twenty years.
This dedicated guide to Mali, formerly the colony of French Sudan, covers all the country's fascinating towns including the fabled city of Timbuktu and capital city Bamako together with Djenne - historically at the heart of West Africa's oldest civilisation.
In some areas, for example parts of the French Sudan in 1905, the slaves simply brought the process to an end by a wave of mass desertion.
This also coincided with the French military conquest of vast lands of West Africa that became French Sudan, including Senegal.
To say that Seydou Keita's portraits tell the truth about the people in Bamako, the capital city of the former French Sudan (now Mali) in the '40s and '50s, is in fact to say that his camera made them into Bamakois.

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