La Marseillaise

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Marseillaise, La

 

a French revolutionary song and the French national anthem.

The music and lyrics of the “Marseillaise” were written by C. J. Rouget de Lisle in 1792, in Strasbourg. It was originally called “War Song for the Army of the Rhine.” It spread quickly in the Republican Army and reached Marseille, where it became known as the “March of the Men of Marseille,” or the “Marseillaise,” and was later brought to Paris. Banned during the Restoration and Second Empire, the Third Republic made it the national anthem; its musical text was officially established in 1887.

In Russia during the 1880’s and 1890’s, a revolutionary song based on the melody of the “Marseillaise” and known as the “Workers’ Marseillaise” became popular among workers and the intelligentsia. As a result of some intonational, rhythmical, and structural changes, it became in essence a new song. The text of the “Workers’ Marseillaise,” which is a separate poetic work in its own right, was written by P. L. Lavrov (published 1875 in the newspaper Vpered, no. 12, July 1); it has been performed with some alterations.

REFERENCES

Tiersot, J. Histoire de la “Marseillaise.” Paris, 1915.
Tiersot, J. Pesni i prazdnestva Frantsuzskoi revoliutsii. Moscow, 1933. Pages 81-92. (Translated from French.)
Dymshits, A. L. “O ’rabochikh marserezakh’.” Sovetskii forklor, 1936, nos. 4-5.
Biografii pesen. Moscow, 1965. (Collection of articles.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
France, some even calling Les Bleus 'an African team' despite their players' European loyalties betrayed by their pre-match passionate belting out of La Marseillaise, the French anthem composed in 1792 by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle after a declaration of war by France against Austria.
The music came first and Nakpil said it incorporated strains from the Spanish anthem 'Marcha Real' (Royal March), the French anthem 'La Marseillaise' and the march from the opera 'Aida' by Giuseppe Verdi.
The French people wear blue, white, and red and sing the Marsseillaise, the French anthem. A popular custom on this day is going for a friendly picnic in a public park, socializing, enjoying French food and wine, before watching the fireworks from the Place de la Concorde.
Despite being educated in French schools, Djamila refused to sing the French anthem and instead would say, "Algeria is our Mother." Djamila continued her school education and then joined the Institute of Tailoring.
Carolyn Hitt's article from last Saturday about national anthems highlights how powerful and divisive they are in reinforcing our tribal loyalties (think the French anthem in Casablanca).
During Wednesday's set, Doherty was joined by Libertines bandmate Carl Barat and led a crowd-sung rendition of French anthem 'La Marseillaise'.
"The signing of the French anthem by both sets of fans was a good moment," he said.
it was an night with supporters the French Anthem out of for the dead.
Not the same with the French anthem. Rather, it came to a completely different route.
In its period, the English anthem was probably top of the music world and when you look at the French anthem, it was inspired by people who had fought for and won their freedom, and is of a different style.
It's just that the one who was supposed to sing the French anthem was different from what we were used to and that made players laugh but it was during our anthem, not yours."

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