flageolet

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flageolet

(flăjəlĕt`), small straight flute of conical bore, with a whistle mouthpiece. The number of finger holes varies, as does the length, which may be from 4 to 12 in (10.2–30.5 cm). The flageolet, related to the recorderrecorder,
musical wind instrument of the flute family, made of wood, varying in length, and having an inverted conical bore (largest end near the mouthpiece). Its tone is produced by an air stream against an edge, like that of the flute, but the air is conducted by a mouthpiece
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, was known as early as the 16th cent., its invention in 1581 being ascribed to Juvigny, a Parisian. It was in use until the end of the 19th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Flageolet

 

in music:

(1) A wind instrument, a type of end-blown flute with a cylindrical tube and finger holes, generally six. The most widespread type is the flageolet developed by Juvigny in Paris circa 1581, which has a beaked mouthpiece with a whistle device. A flageolet with keys was used in the 18th and 19th centuries in symphony and operatic orchestras; operas by Gluck and Mozart contain flageolet parts. The flageolet is now used as a solo instrument and in ensembles. It is a precursor of the piccolo.

(2) A whistling tone produced on string instruments by lightly touching a string at its center or at one-third, one-quarter, and so on, of its length. The sound produced resembles the sound of the instrument (hence the name).

REFERENCE

Targonskii, Ia. B. Flazholety smychkovykh instrumentov. Moscow, 1936.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

flageolet

1
a high-pitched musical instrument of the recorder family having six or eight finger holes

flageolet

2, flageolet bean
the pale green immature seed of a haricot bean, cooked and eaten as a vegetable
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