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any plant of the genus Tagetes of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family), mostly Central and South American herbs cultivated elsewhere as garden flowers. The two common species of marigold, both annuals, are distinguished as African, or Aztec (T. erecta), and French (T. patula) although both are native to Mexico and Guatemala. The African commonly has large yellow or orange flower heads and the strong-scented foliage typical of the genus, but an odorless kind has been developed; the French has smaller flower heads, single or double, usually two tones of yellow or orange and red. Other plants sharing the name marigold include marsh marigoldmarsh marigold,
perennial spring-blooming Old World and North American plant (Caltha palustris) of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercup family), found in wet places. It has rounded glossy leaves and large buttercuplike flowers of bright and shining yellow.
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 (in the buttercupbuttercup
or crowfoot,
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
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 family), bur marigoldbur marigold
or sticktight,
common name for any species of Bidens, a genus of chiefly weedy North American plants of the family Asteraceae (aster family) with two-pronged burlike fruits (achenes) that have gained various species such additional names as
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, and pot marigold (see calendulacalendula
, any species of the genus Calendula, Old World plants of the family Asteraceae (aster family). The common calendula (C. officinalis), an annual with yellow to deep orange flower heads produced through a long blooming season, was a popular garden flower
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). Marigolds are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
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All Marigolds are edible, but only some taste good. The three best are Tagetes lucida, Tagetes patula, and Tagetes tenuifolia. Marigold can be used as a substitute for saffron. The citrus flavor makes it great in salads. Usually only the petals are eaten, no green parts. Used for heart, circulation, headaches, earaches, fevers, hair rinse for shiny hair. Plant beside other garden plants to keep pests away.



(Tagetes), a genus of annual or perennial grasses of the Compositae family. The height of the plant is 70–80 cm, the leaves are pinnate; the flowers are yellow, orange, and dark brown. There are more than 35 species in South and North America (from Argentina to Arizona). In the USSR there is one imported species (in western Transcaucasia). Most widely distributed are the French marigold (T. patula), a low plant with a distinctive smell and yellow or reddish yellow flowers, cultivated as a decorative annual, and the dwarf marigold (T. signata), which has fernlike finely cleft verdure and is used in floriculture for low borders, as is T. erecta, a tall plant with few branches.


Kiselev, G. E. Tsvetovodstvo, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.


symbol of grief. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 175]
See: Grief


1. any of various tropical American plants of the genus Tagetes, esp T. erecta (African marigold) and T. patula (French marigold), cultivated for their yellow or orange flower heads and strongly scented foliage: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. any of various similar or related plants, such as the marsh marigold, pot marigold, bur marigold, and fig marigold
References in periodicals archive ?
citricola to French marigold and catnip: Two small apples trees grown in pots (40 cm diameter) and measuring about 110 cm in height were individually placed in the 2 plastic boxes of the H-tube olfactometer.
Caption: Figure 5: Effect of hydrogen peroxide and French marigold extract fractions on the activity of antioxidant enzymes in Jurkat T-cells.
French marigold, wax begonia, and scarlet salvia supported statistically significant growth, whereas impatiens and windflower did not (Table 4).
Dead-head annuals like petunias, sweet peas, pansies, petunias, pelargoniums (geraniums) and French marigolds, and perennials such as delphiniums, shasta daisies and pyrethrums.
Big pots need bold plants such as dwarf sunflowers and dahlias - perfect partners for French marigolds, begonias and fuchsias.
First of all, the young entrants have been given a planter ``window box'' or bowl,compost and seeds of five different types of flowers: orange and gold French marigolds,miniature sunflowers,coleus,candytufts and spreading sweet peas.
Fill gaps with a few packing plants, such as Begonia semperflorens and french marigolds, and your basket will look every bit as good from the bedroom window.
Sow half-hardy annuals such as African (Tagetes erecta) and French marigolds (T.
For instance,plant French marigolds between susceptible crops as they attract hoverflies, whose larvae feed on the aphids.
Grow French marigolds with tomatoes and you'll solve the whitefly problem too.
Dwarf bush tomatoes,for instance, will tumble wonderfully from pots -and if you plant them with French marigolds this should deter whitefly.
SOW French Marigolds to give your summer pots and borders in this year's most fashionable colours of orange, brick red and bright yellow.