French polish

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French polish

a varnish for wood consisting of shellac dissolved in alcohol
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

French Polish

 

a substance used to finish articles made of wood. It forms a smooth, transparent coating with a mirrorlike shine and brings out the texture of the wood. The most widely used French polish is a 10- to 20-percent alcohol solution of shellac, which is applied to the prepared surface by hand, using a pad soaked with French polish and a few drops of linseed oil; the oil facilitates application. Polishing is accelerated by applying French polish over a layer of shellac varnish; polishing machines may be used for this purpose. A special type of French polish is used to finish nitrocellulose coatings. It consists of a 7-percent solution of pyroxylin, cyclohexanone-formaldehyde resin, and a plasticizer in a mixture of organic solvents. A mixture of this polish with regular French polish may also be used.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

French polish

[¦french ′päl·ish]
(materials)
Shellac dissolved in methylated spirits.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

French polish

1. A furniture polish or finish containing shellac mixed with alcohol or oil; French varnish.
2. A hand-rubbed high-gloss finish, achieved by multiple applications of such varnish.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alex learnt the trade from his father, who had a French Polishing business in Old Colwyn.
He is learning under the expert tutelage of Anthony Moody and Steve Davey, specialists in furniture repair and French polishing, who have been with the firm for 12 and 36 years respectively.
I've done French Polishing since I left school and thought about starting my own business.
Ancient Egyptians used beeswax and it carried on through the centuries until French polishing became popular in Victorian period.
Why not bring your wooden furniture back to life with the 1st French polishing service.
"A basic clean up and wax of a dining chair would cost around pounds 40 while French polishing may be needed for furniture more than 50 years old, which could cost around pounds 500 to pounds 600 for a dining table." Contact David on: (01670) 789719.
They told him: "You are under arrest for being drunk and disorderly and French polishing in public!
The couple started a French polishing and upholstery firm in Marsden before moving to Slaithwaite in 1950.
Whether it's the French language or French polishing, salsa or stained glass, the college is offering classes on these and many more subjects as part of its new Lifelong Learning programme
Over the last six months we've seen an increase in the uptake of employers using and benefiting from the work trial scheme, which has led to more traineeships, apprenticeships or jobseekers finding full time work." Graeme Newmarch, director of Charles Newmarch French Polishing Ltd in Middlesbrough, used a two-week work trial to employ Tom Stubbs, their new apprentice.