Fribourg


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Fribourg

(frī`bûrg, Fr. frēbo͞or`), Ger. Freiburg, canton (1990 pop. 204,328), 645 sq mi (1,671 sq km), W Switzerland. Located on the Swiss Plateau and amid the foothills of the Alps, Fribourg is an agricultural region known for its cattle and cheese (notably Gruyère). Industries include the production of watches and chocolate. The canton is overwhelmingly Catholic, and the inhabitants are two-thirds French-speaking. It joined the Swiss Confederation in 1481 after being enlarged with land ceded from Vaud. A new constitution was adopted in 1857. The town of Fribourg (1990 pop. 36,355), the canton's original settlement and capital, is rich in medieval architecture and picturesquely situated on the Sarine River. It is famous for its chocolate. Other manufactures include machinery, electrical equipment, wood products, beer, and clothing. Founded in 1178 by Berchtold IV, duke of Zähringen, it passed successively to the houses of Kyburg (1218), Hapsburg (1277), and Savoy (1452). Fribourg is an episcopal residence. It has many convents and churches, including the Cathedral of St. Nicholas (13th–14th cent.). The Catholic Univ. was founded in 1889.

Fribourg

 

(also Freiburg), a city in central Switzerland, in the narrow valley of the Sarine (Saane) River. Capital of the canton of Fribourg. Population, 41,200 (1975). Fribourg produces machinery, food products (beer and chocolate), wood products, textiles, chemical products, and cardboard boxes. The city, which is known to have existed since the 12th century, has a university (founded 1889). The medieval character of the city’s old section, which is rich in architectural monuments of the 12th to 17th centuries, has been preserved.

Fribourg

1. a canton in W Switzerland. Capital: Fribourg. Pop.: 242 700 (2002 est.). Area: 1676 sq. km (645 sq. miles)
2. a town in W Switzerland, capital of Fribourg canton: university (1889). Pop.: 35 547 (2000)
References in periodicals archive ?
University of Fribourg Professor Michael Mayer highlighted that it may be challenging to generate a constant voltage inside a contact lens for long periods of time.
The Fribourg International Film Festival takes place every year in Fribourg.
Using the direct spectroscopic technique Low Energy Muon Spin Rotation (LE-uSR), our experiments have visualised the extracted spin polarisation close to buried interfaces of a spin valve," said Professor Christian Bernhard, from the University of Fribourg Physics Department.
31 August 2010 - Danish brewery group Carlsberg A/S (CPH: CARL B) said today its Swiss subsidiary Feldschlosschen will close its Fribourg brewery by June 2011 as it plans to concentrate its beer production in Rheinfelden, northern Switzerland.
RAFA BENITEZ insisted there were plenty of positives to take out of Saturday's 1-1 draw with Polish champions Wisla Krakow in Fribourg.
Liverpool were on their pre-season tour and played Polish side Wisla Krakow, in Fribourg at Stade St-Leonard, in a 1-1 draw.
This volume of collected papers arose from a workshop convened at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, in 2001.
The equipment is designed and manufactured at Polytype's factory in Fribourg, Switzerland to state-of-the-art design and supported by a comprehensive technology center that includes two pilot lines, each of which can be set up with a choice of more than 50 coating methods and run at high production speeds up to 1500 m/min.
About the authors: Antoine Weis is full professor at the Physics Department of the University of Fribourg and leader of the Fribourg Atomic Physics group (FRAP) at the Physics Department of the University of Fribourg, Stephan Groeger and Georg Bison are Ph.
of the University of Saint Mary of the Lake in Mundelein, Illinois and Barbara Hallensleben of Fribourg University in Switzerland will join the 30-member commission.