Fridrikh Tsander

Tsander, Fridrikh Arturovich

 

Born Aug. 11 (23), 1887, in Riga; died Mar. 28, 1933, in Kislovodsk. Soviet scientist and inventor, pioneer in rocketry.

After graduating from the Riga Polytechnic Institute in 1914, Tsander worked at a rubber-industry plant in Moscow. In 1919 he obtained a position at the Motor Moscow Aircraft Plant.

Tsander began studying problems of reaction propulsion in 1908. In 1921 he presented a report on a design for an interplanetary spacecraft-airplane at a conference of inventors, and in 1924 he published in the journal Tekhnika i zhizn the article “Flight to Other Planets,” which set forth his basic ideas. He envisioned the construction of a spacecraft that combined elements of the airplane and the rocket; during flight, metallic parts of the spacecraft that were no longer needed might be used as additional fuel.

In 1930 and 1931, Tsander constructed and tested the OR-1 reaction engine, which used compressed air and gasoline and developed a thrust of 1.42 newtons. In 1931 and 1932 he designed a propulsion system with the OR-2 liquid-propellant rocket engine, which used liquid oxygen and gasoline. Tsander worked on the design of the 10 engine and the GIRD-X rocket. He helped organize the Group for the Study of Jet Propulsion. A crater on the back side of the moon has been named for Tsander.

WORKS

Problema poleta pri pomoshchi reaktivnykh apparatov. Moscow, 1932.
Pionery raketnoi tekhniki: Kibal’chich, Tsiolkovskii, Tsander, Kondratiuk: Izbr. trudy. Moscow, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the 1920s Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, the founder of Soviet astronautics, and colleague Fridrikh Tsander separately wrote of the idea of using solar radiation pressure to accelerate sails.
Marsha Freeman recounts the contributions of Soviet rocket pioneer Fridrikh Tsander, while Jos Heyman outlines Australian space involvement from the late 1940s into the 1990s.